Skip to main content
European Commission logo
EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
National reforms in higher education


14.Ongoing reforms and policy developments

14.4National reforms in higher education

Last update: 27 November 2023


Young Minds in Basic Sciences Project 2023

The Council of Higher Education (CoHE) is launching new projects to enable doctoral students and researchers to conduct research at international standards. With the "International Researcher Projects", research will be encouraged in universities that have ranked in the top 700 of the world university rankings in the last 3 years.

With the Young Minds in Basic Sciences Project, 100 PhD students working as research assistants at universities will be supported up to 20 thousand TL per month to conduct research abroad on their thesis topics PhD students working as research assistants in higher education institutions will be able to conduct research abroad in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics related to their thesis topics.

CoHE will assign these doctoral students from 1 month to 3 months to conduct research in higher education institutions abroad and will support them up to 20 thousand TL per month. These students will also be provided with 10 thousand TL transportation support.

Candidates who want to benefit from this right are required to meet the following conditions:

  • Being a Turkish citizen and currently a research assistant at a state higher education institution,
  • To have passed the thesis stage of doctoral education in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics,
  • To document the language exam result showing that you have obtained at least 75 points from YÖKDİL, YDS, E-YDS or an international foreign language exam accepted as equivalent by ÖSYM within the last 3 years, in the language in which the study will be conducted,
  • For male candidates, not to be discharged from military service (military service is done, postponed or can be postponed),
  • To have started PhD education in the last three years as of the application date,
  • To receive an invitation letter for at least one month from one of the top 700 universities in the last 3 years in the world university rankings conducted by University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), Times Higher Education (THE), Academic Ranking of World Universities (Shanghai) and World University Rankings (QS).


There are national reforms concerning higher education this year 


Autonomy for Higher Education Institutions in Program Development

Council of Higher Education has provided autonomy for decision taking concerning the programs of the universities, which includes the establishment of the "Advisory Board for Higher Education Programs and Quality Board of Higher Education". The incentive behind this approach of CoHE is to lead universities to "improve and strengthen institutional capacity"; to this end, universities are expected to invest in human resources, research, educational studies as well as administrative legislations and provisions. This new approach of CoHE is therefore prescribed as the delegation of authority and sharing of authority, the results of which are expected to increase the autonomy of the tertiary institutions in decision making processes concerning education, research and innovation.

Initial studies concerning the undergraduate teacher education programs affiliated to faculties of education can be traced back to the first extensive reform initiatives carried out in 1997-1998 within the framework of the Project of Improving the MoNE, and these studies were extended in further modifications in 2006 and 2009. In 2018 update, the courses in teacher education programs were defined, similar to the previous classification, under three categories as Field Courses 45-50%, Teaching Profession Courses 30-35%, and General Culture Courses 15-20%. The latest approach and thus the philosophy toward teacher education is that CoHE aspires tertiary programs, faculties of education in particular, to develop and administer their own programs by referring to the Teaching Profession Competencies framework of MoNE, to the legislations and regulations concerned. 

Within this perspective, General Council of the CoHe, in the conference meeting dated 10/08/2020 decided on the following issues concerning development, improvement and administering of teacher education programs in faculties of education:

a) The categorizations of the courses are to be Field Courses, Teaching Profession Courses, and General Culture Courses.  

b) This categorization is to be taken into account in defining the course numbers, course hours and credits as well

These studies were carried out intensively during 2021.