There are no current reforms as of mid-2023. Upcoming reforms within this year will be presented here.
10 Thousand Schools in Basic Education Project
The Ministry of National Education launched the "10 Thousand Schools in Basic Education Project" to reduce achievement and opportunity differences between schools, strengthen equality of opportunity in education and expand early childhood education.
Within the scope of the project, efforts were initiated to build 3 thousand kindergartens and open 40 thousand kindergarten classes in order to expand early childhood education. For settlements where there are not enough students to open a kindergarten class, mobile teacher classes and transportation center kindergarten classes were initiated. As a result of these efforts, by the end of 2022, it is aimed to increase the schooling rate in the 3-year-old age group from 14 percent to 50 percent, the schooling rate in the 4-year-old age group from 35 percent to 70 percent, and the schooling rate in the 5-year-old age group from 78 percent to 100 percent.
In order to reduce the achievement and opportunity differences between schools and to strengthen equality of opportunity in education, improvement works were initiated in 8,324 basic education institutions consisting of 6,581 primary schools, 1,043 secondary schools, 489 kindergartens and 211 kindergarten classes within other institutions.
Within the scope of improvement works, it is aimed to increase the quality of educational environments by meeting the maintenance, repair and equipment needs of schools. In this context, interior painting needs, exterior painting needs, door, window, sink, classroom flooring, plumbing repairs and general gardening are carried out. In terms of equipment, classroom equipment materials, tables, chairs, cabinets, computers and printers for teachers' rooms, sports equipment and musical instruments to support the development of students in a multidimensional way, book support to enrich school libraries and classroom libraries, Mathematics, Science and Social Studies educational toolkit support for primary and secondary schools are provided in line with the needs of schools.
In addition, the school climate is strengthened through awareness and psychosocial development trainings and professional development trainings organized for the students, teachers, school administrators and parents.
Family Material in Preschool Education (My Game Chest Set-Home Based Model)
Under the target of "Early Childhood Education Service to be Extended" in the 2023 Education Vision, "Basic materials supporting child development will be provided to poor households in early childhood education." Within the scope of the activity, the “My Game Chest” set, which contains various educational materials supporting the development of children, was prepared in order to develop family materials. The prepared set was distributed to 500 disadvantaged households in the 2019-2020 academic year and a pilot application was made. In the pilot application of the "My Game Chest" family material set, in order to carry out parent education, the school principal and teachers visited the house while the said set was distributed to the families and informed the family about child development and the use of the set.
The My Game Chest set includes 52 different educational materials (such as number sticks, blocks, puppets, puzzles, story sets) and a 365-day Early Childhood Education Calendar and is distributed to disadvantaged households. The set, which was updated in line with the feedback from the field, was distributed to 3200 families in the 2020-2021 academic year in villages and similar settlements, especially with 5-year-old children who need to start compulsory education in the next year. With this study, the equipment needs of the children in unfavorable households were met, and it was ensured that the children spent productive time with their families and started to primary school more ready.
Lesson Equipment Production Center (2nd Evening Art School), which operates under the General Directorate of Support Services of our Ministry, contributed to the production and preparation of "My Game Chest" sets. If there is a demand in the following years, production studies on the subject will be carried out by the Lesson Equipment Production Center (2nd Evening Art School) Directorate.
Activity Books and Paint Set Distribution
In the 2023 Education Vision of our Ministry, "Basic materials supporting child development will be provided to poor households in early childhood education." which encourages the creation of accessible and low-cost materials and various products from a main material so that children can spend productive time at home, within the scope of the “Cooperation Protocol on Supporting Early Childhood Education” signed between the General Directorate of Basic Education, the General Directorate of Lifelong and the German International Cooperation Agency. More Than One Thing” activity book has been prepared. The activities in this material have been prepared on the basis of materials that each family can provide at home, such as stone, paper, rope, branch, fabric and so on. The material prepared in the form of games, art, mathematics and science activities was distributed to 11,000 families living in unfavorable households. This material can be accessed at http://tegmmateryal.eba.gov.tr/m/cok_sey_var/.
The activity book “My First Friend” has been developed to develop children's thinking, imagination, curiosity, creativity and problem-solving skills. In the material in question, the child was put in the center and activities that lead the child to feel and think about the changes in his life (emotional, physical, etc.) were included. The conditions of the prepared material were distributed to 10,000 families living in unfavorable households. This material can be accessed at http://tegmmateryal.eba.gov.tr/m/ilkarkadasim/.
Pencils, erasers, crayons, etc., to support the use of My First Friend and More Than Something. The conditions of a paint kit consisting of materials were distributed to 11,000 families living in unfavorable households. With this study, the equipment needs of the children in unfavorable households were met, and it was ensured that the children spent productive time with their families and started to primary school more ready.
“365 Days of Story” Study in Early Childhood Education
In addition, starting from the early childhood period, a project called "365 Days of Stories" was initiated by our General Directorate for the purpose of writing the story books needed for preschool children, in order to help children gain the habit of reading, increase their vocabulary, and support the development of listening and speaking skills. Within the scope of the project, the work of the writers and illustrators continues and the stories were distributed to schools in the 2021-2022 academic year.
TRT EBA Kindergarten
In order to enrich pre-school education, the “TRT EBA Kindergarten” program prepared for pre-school children was shot on TRT EBA television since 12 October. Every day, in the morning and evening hours, the development of approximately 4 million children aged 3,4 and 5 in our country and thousands of children abroad is supported with quality content. This program was broadcast every weekday between 08:00-09:00 and 19:30-20:30 with a repeat episode during the 2020-2021 academic year.
In order for children to receive more and more qualified education in every environment and at every opportunity, the program in question was supported by a generation called "Ailece" for families.