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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
National reforms in early childhood education and care


14.Ongoing reforms and policy developments

14.1National reforms in early childhood education and care

Last update: 27 November 2023


There was no major measure in this domain this year.


Pre-primary plan: a new ambition for pre-primary education

Deadline: September 2022

Status: In force.

Responsible authorities: Ministry of National Education and Youth

Reasons/objectives: This action plan for pre-primary education is being implemented in September 2022 to ensure the success and development of pupils by training staff in the specific challenges of pre-primary education.

Main measures adopted:

The Pre-primary Plan is structured around 3 objectives, which are as follows

1.    Aiming for success for each pupil:

This success requires the collective definition of teaching objectives and the proposal of progressions adapted to the rhythms of all children. It is also necessary to set up an articulated approach, both with early childhood facilities (crèches, kindergartens, etc.) and extracurricular activities to ensure educational continuity for pupils.

2.    Training staff:

This objective aims to strengthen the skills and knowledge of all professionals. As was done for the French Plan and the Mathematics Plan, teachers will benefit from didactic and pedagogical training adapted to pre-primary education. Local support will be set up for teachers, encouraging the sharing of good practice in connection with training. Educational and pedagogical training with partners will be adapted and strengthened in order to better take into account the needs of the child in a continuum between 0 and 6 years: multi-category training between teachers and Atsem, partnerships with early childhood actors will be set up.

3.    Innovate:

This objective aims to encourage the development of think tanks and experiments at the local level, through the creation of communities of teachers.

In addition, limiting the size of the 3rd year of pre-primary education to 24 pupils, effective for all from the start of the 2022 school year, is an important lever for responding to the needs and abilities of each individual, as well as regular observation and evaluation of pupils' achievements. In addition, the doubling of pre-primary school classes in priority education and the actions in favour of schooling for the youngest children make it possible to reduce inequalities by ensuring optimal conditions for the acquisition of basic knowledge. All pre-primary classes in priority education will be doubled by the start of the school year 2024.

Funding: Not specified.

Evaluation and monitoring mechanisms: Not specified.

References: MENJS : Dossier de rentrée 2022-2023


There was no major measure in this domain this year.