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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
National reforms in higher education


14.Ongoing reforms and policy developments

14.4National reforms in higher education

Last update: 21 February 2024
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There have been no reforms.


ITS – Adoption of three Decrees implementing the reform (law 99/2022)

On 17 May 2023, the Minister of Education and Merit adopted three implementation decrees of the ITS Academy reform law (Law 99/2023).

The DM 87/2023, defines the constitution of the National ITS Academy Committee and its functions. The committee consists of 12 members, each appointed by a Ministry and three members representing the regions, appointed by the Conference of the Regions. The Committee has advisory and proposal functions.

The DM 88/2023, contains provisions on the following points:

- criteria and procedures for the constitution of the commissions for the final assessment tests in the Higher Technological Institutes (ITS Academy) and relative remuneration of the members

- general indications for the tests and scores of the final assessment and for the related certification, conformed to the other certifications in order to facilitate the recognition and the circulation, at national and European Union level, of the qualifications obtained at the end of the training courses

- models for the certification for applied technologies and the higher specialisation diploma for applied technologies, to ensure the supply of higher technicians at post-secondary level in the technological areas considered strategic.

Finally, the DM 89/2023 provides the outline of the statutes to be adopted by the ITS Academy foundations.

Source: Ministry of Education and Merit, page 'Decrees implementing law no. 99/2023' (last access: August 2023)


The reform of the Higher technical institutes (ITS)

Publication of the law

The ITS reform law has been published in the Official Journal on 26 July 2022 as law no. 99 'Establishment of the higher technological tertiary education system' (Istituzione del Sistema terziario di istruzione tecnologica superiore).

Approval of the draft law

On 12 July 2022 the Chamber of Deputies the draft law drawn up by the Government on the reform of the Higher technical institutes (Istituti tecnici superiori – ITS), was finally approved. ITS are high-level institutions that offer courses at tertiary level in specific sectors with the involvement of universities, enterprises, and the labour world.

The main changes of the reform are:

  • ITSs will change their name from Higher technical institutes to Higher technological institutes or ITS Academies
  • The training offer will be increased, with a stronger integration with university courses and a stronger involvement of enterprises 
  • Each ITS Academy will refer to a specific technological area among those defined by the Minister of education in a specific Decree to be issued within 90 days from the entry into force of the law
  • Programmes will be organised in two levels: 

          - courses corresponding to level 5 of the EQF, organised in four semesters (1.800 hours) 

          - courses corresponding to level 6 of the EQF, organised in six semesters (3.000 hours) 

  • At least 35% of the timetable will be spent in traineeships
  • At least 60% of the teaching staff will belong to the labour world
  • A specific fund at the Ministry of education will provide stable resources to ITS. 

The aim of ITSs remains unchanged: the training of higher technicians with high-level technological and technical competences that are highly requested in the labour world. The aim is also to double the number of enrolments also through guidance initiatives that will start from the lower secondary level of education.

After its final approval, the ITS reform law will come into effect after its publication in the Official Gazette. The Ministry of Education will issue specific decrees to regulate the implementation of individual aspects of the reform.

Source: Ministry of education