The Act on Higher Education determines professional conditions of employment. That includes a clear criminal record, unobstructed capacity to act, a higher education degree and compliance with the requirements of the institution.
Teachers/professors and researchers of must have a Master degree and professional qualification. None of them have to possess a pedagogical qualification. There is no specific initial education programme for teaching in higher education. The lecturers’ and researchers’ positions were integrated in a performance-based career system, whereas teachers’ positions were integrated in a system built on the public servants’ employment, conditional upon school qualification, career span and the public servant’s age. A master instructor’s position can be set up as a position assisting the students’ practical training, for those with at least ten years’ professional and practical work experience.