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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
National reforms related to transversal skills and employability


14.Ongoing Reforms and Policy Developments

14.5National reforms related to transversal skills and employability

Last update: 30 March 2023


Micro credentials from January 1, 2023

After completion of any subject, course or module of the higher education institution, a micro-certificate can be issued to prove learning outcomes, it contains a description of the subject and the topic, as it is defined in the Act on National Higher Education.

A VET institution may issue a micro-certificate for the knowledge and skills acquired in vocational education in accordance with the Act on Vocational Education, the procedure, the content and prerequisites are specified in the Act. The micro-certificate is a public document

On 1st January, 2022, the vocational training contribution ceased, the related tax reduction for specialized education and dual training can now be claimed in the social contribution tax. Eligibility is established for whom who

  • have a vocational training employment contract (including the apprenticeship contract) with a student or with a person participating in training, or who have a cooperation agreement concluded according to the previous regulations.
  • have a HE student employment contract with the student.
  • have a cooperation agreement with a higher education institution (in case of HE initial programmes requiring practice).

The new tax rebate can be also claimed after all the reductions from the social contribution tax. If the reduction is more than the tax to be paid, or if the taxpayer does not have to pay social contribution tax, they can claim the rebate with a general tax refund.

The new tax rebate can also be claimed by budgetary authorities.

Basic general schools (ISCED1-2) are obliged to organise the assessment of the 8 grade-students’  competencies relevant for their  career choices with the digital measuring and support tools developed by the Educational Authority. In the school year 2022/23, the test is organised for the third time.

Grants for the training of parents with small children

The government launched a  call for grant to advance the labour force capacity of parents with small children. The grant could be used for adult education and training and its amount was 100 000 HUF per month. The programme helped participants complete grades 5-8 of basic school, grades 9-12 of upper secondary school, or the participant could opt for enrolling in programmes carried out in the framework of adult education or adult trainings regulated in the National Vocational Qualifications Register or in the VET Act number LXXX of 2019. The amount was given for a 12-month period at a maximum, and e.g. could also be spent for travel costs incurred during school visits. The overall budget was 3 billion HUF and the initiative targeted at least 2500 parents with small children and last until 31 December 2022. One of the requirements was that the applicant's highest level of education should be upper secondary or less.