Higher Education Institutions (HEI:s) appoint their own teaching staff. Teachers at state universities and university colleges may be appointed as professors, lecturers, assistant lecturers, post-doctoral fellows, part-time teachers and guest lecturers (including visiting professors, lecturers and assistant lecturers).
Apart from the employment of professors and lecturers which is regulated by the Higher Education Act (Högskolelagen), the HEI:s themselves decide which teachers to employ. The university or university college decide to what extent a position should focus on education, research (or development work in the arts for staff in the art field) and administration. Teaching staff from all categories has teaching duties in undergraduate education, however, post-doctoral fellows mainly carry out research.