A government resolution on developing the Hungarian Qualifications Framework (HuQF) and joining the European Qualifications Framework was adopted in 2008. Following that there was a period of research in order to describe the levels of a qualifications framework most suitable for the Hungarian system of education.
The development of the Hungarian Qualifications Framework (HuQF) was financed by the Government from the European Social Fund. The development was performed between 2010-2015. As part of the development process, the state accredited vocational qualifications and qualifications were classified in the HuQF. The referencing procedure, in which the levels of the HuQF were adjusted to the levels of the EQF was completed in February 2015.
HuQF is an 8-level framework containing 4 descriptor categories. The framework is mainly of communicative function, the operation thereof does not divert governance, administrative and policy-authority functions from the sectoral responsible parties of the qualifications listed in the framework. The framework is open to the classification of the qualifications of the non-formal training sector as well.
Level descriptors are defined by the following categories:
KNOWLEDGE: Theoretical or practical knowledge, its forms are: general basic education and expertise. The connected elements and concepts of knowledge are organized into complex units and patterns, the complexity of which differs on successive levels. The abundance and extent of knowledge of abstract concepts differs significantly at each level.
SKILLS: It consists of motor skills (manual skills and the handling of certain methods, materials, devices and instruments) and cognitive skills (use of logical, intuitive and creative thinking) demonstrated in actions.
ATTITUDES: Assessing attitude to something concrete or abstract; attitudes concern studies, work and one’s own actions, relationships and cooperating skills. Attitudes consist of elements related to emotions, thoughts and behaviours.
AUTONOMY AND RESPONSIBILITY: Expresses the level of independence and responsibility a person can perform in a given activity.
The degrees and qualifications listed in the HuQF
completed 6th grade
completed 8th grade
lower secondary partial vocational qualification
qualification after completing a second chance programme
completed 10th grade
lower secondary partial qualification, vocational qualification, vocational qualification add-on
partial vocational qualification
upper secondary school leaving certificate
upper secondary vocational qualification, vocational qualification add-on
advanced-level vocational qualification, vocational qualification add-on
technician vocational qualification
higher education short-cycle qualification
BA/BSc degree in higher education
post-graduate specialisation (with a prerequisite bachelor or higher education degree)
MA/MSc degree in higher education
Doctoral degree (PhD/DLA)
The primary objective in the development of the Hungarian framework was the classification of qualifications that can be obtained in formal education. In 2017, the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry classified the programme requirements of the ‘B’ programmes of the Adult Education Act and other vocational trainings, so these trainings in the non-formal sector have been classified in accordance with the HuQF.
In relation to higher education, an agreement was stipulated during the development of the HuQF levels that the various higher education qualifications will be classified into the HuQF at the given levels (5, 6, 7 and 8).