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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Separate special education needs provision in early childhood and school education


12.Educational Support and Guidance

12.2Separate special education needs provision in early childhood and school education

Last update: 16 February 2024
  1. Definition of the Target Group(s)
  2. Admission Requirements and Choice of School
  3. Age Levels and Grouping of Pupils
  4. Curriculum, Subjects
  5. Teaching Methods and Materials
  6. Progression of Pupils

    In regard to students with specia

Based on Education of children with disabilities aims to develop their full intellectual and physical potential, and improve the quality of their lives to prepare them to fully integrate into society and the labour market.

Inclusion of children with disabilities to specialized educational institutions for them is generally temporary. The inclusion and integration of children with disabilities in mainstream kindergartens and schools of basic education is paramount.

To students who cannot hear and speak, is guaranteed the right to communicate in sign language, while those who do not see the use of Braille script.

To students with disabilities is ensured the right to education in secondary schools, higher education, according to the criteria approved by the Minister of Education and the Minister of Health.

Students with disabilities stands at specialized schools until the age of 19 years.

Local educational unit creates a commission, made up of doctors, psychologists, teachers and specialists for children with disabilities, who, after examining the request of a parent or director of an educational institution, provides recommendations for pursuing the child in a common education institution or a specialized one.

Parents decide whether their child with disabilities will attend a specialized institution or ordinary basic education. Parents may at any time remove a child from school when the judge that he does not benefit from lessons or there are other better options.

The Ministry of Education, in collaboration with the basic unit of local government and in consultation with the parents committee, provides education for children with disabilities in one of the two types of educational institutions, ordinary or specialized.

Students with disabilities learns according to common curriculum and syllabuses, adapted for them or specialized ones.