The principle of equality is provided in the constitutional provisions of the Republic of Albania (Article 18). In accordance with this, every individual in the Republic of Albania, has the right of education regardless of race, colour of skin, gender, language, religion, political or other convictions, national or social origin, property, birth, social status or any other personal circumstances (Article 20, 57).
The legal framework in Albania warrants the right to education for all children, regardless of their needs and special abilities. Law Nr. 69 of 2012 “On Pre – university education” calls for free and mandatory education and it applies to children aged 6-16 years old. Underlying the process of inclusion is the assumption that the general classroom teacher has certain knowledge and understanding about the needs of different learners, teaching techniques and curriculum strategies.