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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Albania

1.Political,Social and Economic Background and Trends

1.2Main Executive and Legislative Bodies

Last update: 27 November 2023

The President and the Assembly

The President of the Republic of Albania [Presidenti i Republikës së Shqipërisë] is elected by the  Assembly on a five years term. The President  gurantees the implementation of the Costitution and acts as a commander in chief of the armed forces of the Republic of Albania. Other tasks of the President include appointment of the government following approval by the Assembly and approval of legislation following approval by the Assembly.

The Assembly of the Republic of Albania [Kuvendi i Republikës së Shqipërisë] is composed by 140 deputies and 15 permanent commissions. It is electedo once in four years. The Assembly has a unicameral structur. According to the Constitution, the Assembly is  charged with approval of primary legislation and overseeing its monitoring.  The Assembly nominates the Prime Minister and the government and approves their programme. It also nominates the members and chairman of the Constitutional Court and those of the High Court. The Assembly appoints as  well members of other state agencies and overseeing bodies that are independent from the government. The Assembly monitors and oversees the way government implements the legislation. In doing so, it possesses various legal mechanisms that are either constitutional or created by specific law.

The Executive Branch

The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania [Këshilli i Ministrave i Republikës së Shqipërisë] is composed by the Prime Minister and Relevant Ministers is the executive branch of Albania. The current Council of Ministers is composed by 1 vice-prime Minister and 13 Ministers. The Prime Minister and the government are approved in block by the Assembly and are appointed  by the President. The Council of Ministers is tasked with carrying foreign and domestic policies and with directing and controlling the activities of ministries and other state agencies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state organisms. Moreover, it proposes new legislative framework or amendments to existing legal acts to the Parliament.

The Ministry of Education, Sports and Youth [Ministria e Arsimit Sportit dhe Rinisë]: Is the institution in charge for drafting education policies in the country. In the area of pre-univeristy education it has full competences while in the area of higher education it shares competences with higher education institutions in compliance with respective autonomy.