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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
National reforms in early childhood education and care


14.Ongoing reforms and policy developments

14.1National reforms in early childhood education and care

Last update: 2 April 2024
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The Ministry of Education, Science and Innovation issued a Decision on the adoption of a publicly valid educational program for preschool education and it is being piloted. A working group was formed to implement the piloting of this program and the accompanying education for educators, professional staff and management staff, as well as representatives of the Ministry, was also implemented.

A Working group for the development of Norms and standards of proper nutrition in preschool institutions was appointed. On 30th October 2023, a working version of norms was presented, i.e. a proposal for the structure of the document with content and a tabular representation of the menu with energy values for nurseries and kindergartens. The final version was adopted in February 2024. 

A revised portfolio for preschool children was created based on the teacher's suggestions and monitoring reports. There will be a digital version of the portfolio and, in cooperation with the IT sector of the Ministry of Education, Science and Innovation and the UNICEF, it will be uploaded on the digital platform


In the 2023/24 school year, the piloting of an Innovative Program for preschool education will begin in six preschool institutions. The starting points of the Preschool Education and Training Program are current reference documents (Law on Preschool Education, Early and Preschool Education Strategy 2021-2025, Inclusive Education Strategy 2021-2025), past experiences and insights into current preschool practice, achievements and challenges, as well as modern scientific knowledge. The program is intended for everyone who is directly involved in the educational process in preschool institutions, primarily teachers, as the key bearers of pedagogical activities in nurseries and kindergartens, nurses, professional associates, educational management, parents, students and the community.

With regards to the implementation of the development directions under the third Strategy of Early and Preschool Education for the Period 2021-2025, the key activities were oriented vulnerable groups - for delegated pediatricians and visiting nurses, counseling was organized on the topic "Models and forms of early intervention" for 11 municipalities. The Cboard application is used in 13 preschool institutions, 4 elementary schools and resource centers. In total, 81 tablet devices were allocated in this cycle, which are being by 120 girls and boys in Podgorica, Bar, Nikšić, Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat, Kolašin, Cetinje, Bijelo Polje, Budva, Ulcinj, Rožaje. At the moment, with the number of earlier devices (55), 136 tablets are used by 200 girls and boys.

The Program of additional professional support was continued and expanded from 3 to 8 new municipalities and day care centers. The child is picked up from preschool, elementary school and brought to Day Care Centers for treatment, additional professional work and support (organized for 218 girls and boys from 11 Preschool institutions and 18 elementary schools).

A Model of early intervention services that foresees the use of resources and coordination mechanisms was sent to the Council for the Rights of the Child and to the Government for further decision. 


The implementation of the development directions under the third Strategy of Early and Preschool Education for the Period 2021-2025 is underway. The field of preschool education is regulated by the law, in order to provide every child with the best possible start, i.e. having in mind that neurological development in children is most intensive in the period of preschool education, we considered it necessary to continue with developing this level of education through the preparation of new Strategy of Early and Preschool Education for the period 2021-2025.
In accordance with the Strategy of Early and Preschool Education for the period 2021-2025, the reform of the Programme for this level is underway, carried out by the Bureau for Educational Services. The Strategy through the Operational goal 2 strives to modernize the current plan and programme for Preschool Education in the light of scientific knowledge and the best international practices leading to overall development of the potentials of every child and improve the system of ensuring the quality in accordance with the EU framework for high quality preschool education by 2025. 

In terms of  infrastructure capacities, a new public preschool institution "Simba" was opened in Podgorica. Works are being carried out on the construction of new educational units, through a partnership with CEB and Public Services. 
With the aim of expansion and maintenance of interactive services - new points, for which local communities, schools and public facilities have given space, will be adapted.
The IROP form was revised. This is in accordance with the Action Plan for the Strategy of Inclusive Education, as well as the recommendations of the research carried out by the NGO Staze "Consequences of COVID 19 on Vulnerable Groups", which dealt with the issue of IROP. The Evaluation and revised forms for preschool institutions, schools and resource centers were completed. The opinions of Bureau for Educational Services and Center for vocational education were collected and the material for adoption was sent to the National Council for Education.