4+4+4 Education System
A new educational system that came into being as of March 2012 is based on "4+4+4" (the first section (primary school-1, 2, 3,4th grade), the second section (secondary school- 5, 6, 7,8th grade) and the third section (high school-9, 10, 11,12th grade).
Education that includes general, vocational and technical high schools that provide three of four years education is called basic education. However, basic compulsory education is 12 years.
Basic Law of National Education
The law that organizes the fundamental principles of Turkish national education focuses on such areas as follows: universality and equality', 'individual and social needs', 'orientation', 'right to education', 'equality of opportunity', 'continuity in education', 'Atatürk's Reforms and Principles and Atatürk's Nationalism', 'education for democracy', 'secularism', 'scientific approach to education', 'planned education', 'coeducation', 'school - parent cooperation' and 'education everywhere'.
Centralized Educational System
According to the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey, every citizen has the right to education that is free of charge for the compulsory primary education. Except in specially licensed and foreign institutions, Turkish must be taught as the mother tongue. Since 2012, twelve years of education is compulsory for boys and girls, which can be divided into 4+4+4 years of schooling. The Ministry of National Education (MEB) runs educational administration of the country and is responsible for drawing up curricula, coordinating the work of official, private and voluntary organizations, designing and building schools, developing educational materials and so on.
As of September 2012, 12-year compulsory education became a standard in all levels of education. Instead of 8-year compulsory education, twelve years are divided into three main streams including the first section (primary school-1, 2,3,4th grade), the second section (secondary school- 5,6,7,8th grade) and the third section (high school-9, 10,11,12thgrade).
Continuing Professional Development
It is the means by which teachers maintain their knowledge and skills related to their professions. This is mostly carried out by the Ministry of National Education at the very beginning of each academic year (September).
Council of Higher Education
Council of Higher Education is responsible for the supervision of universities in Turkey, in a capacity defined by articles 130 and 131 of the 1982 constitution.
Distance Education Programs
Distance education is a mode of delivering education and instruction, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional setting such as a classroom. In Turkey, as part of its civic engagement mission, Anadolu University has also focused on expanding educational opportunities for all Turkish citizens through distance learning. The University first established its Distance Education System in 1982. The system has been expanded greatly over the years, and now educates hundreds of thousands who might not otherwise be able to continue their education.
English Preparatory Schools
English Preparatory Schools offer one-year English intensive instruction for those who are not able to follow the classes in English in their own departments. Students who fail to show their proficient English language skills are expected to take at least twenty hours a week in preparatory schools.
Movement to Increase Opportunities and Technology or Fatih Project (Turkish: Fırsatları Artırma ve Teknolojiyi İyileştirme Hareketi) is a project of the Turkish government, which seeks to integrate state-of-the-art computer technology into Turkey's public education system.
In Turkey, there are two types of universities. State and Foundation universities. Second type, foundation universities are also established by private foundations, providing they are in accordance with the procedures and principles set forth by law and are non-profit in nature. There is no private university system in Turkey.
General Directorate of Education Abroad
This directorate is responsible for sending Turkish graduate students abroad to do their master and Phd degrees in the UK or the US.
General Directorate of Foreign Relations
This directorate is responsible for regulating the cooperation and collaboration between the Ministry of Education and their assosiates around Europe in terms of the possible links of educational partnerships.
General Directorate of Life Long Learning
Turkey has described the principles of lifelong learning on which the Turkish education system is based in a document sent to the Commission, namely The Turkish strategy for lifelong learning. The principles of lifelong learning have been applied for a considerable time and are not new. This directorate is responsible for organizing life long learning events for individuals from all walks of life.
Law on Higher Education
The aim of this law is to define the goals and principles pertaining to higher education and to establish principles, related to the functioning, duties, authority, and responsibilities in connection with education, research, publication, teaching staff, students and other personnel of institutions of higher education and their governing bodies.
In-service Teacher Education
The term 'in-service teacher education programme' connotes any programme provided to teachers already working in schools, with the explicit purpose of updating and renewing their knowledge, technical skills, etc., for main-training and/or enhancing their efficiency.
Law of Private Education Institutions
This law identifies the conditions for private education institutions to be opened in Turkey.
Mass Education Programs
Mass Education Programs provide non-formal educational services with courses on social and cultural issues as well as on vocational/technical and general education courses for individuals from different age and educational levels in both city centers, provinces and rural areas.
Measurement, Selection and Placement Center
Multi Program Secondary Schools
National Education Council
Pre-service Teacher Education