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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Political, social and economic background and trends


1.Political, social and economic background and trends

Last update: 27 March 2024

Montenegro officially declared its independence in 2006. Montenegro has about 620 000 of inhabitants. In 2012, Montenegro started accession negotiations with European Union (EU). Moving closer to EU accession, Montenegro will need to significantly increase its competitiveness and review its policies with regard to employment, skills development and technological innovation and absorption. 

As the education is a key factor of the society development reforms in this area in Montenegro are continuously implementing reforms, in order to make educational system recognized by its compliance with modern trends and quality in the Region and wider. In recent years, reforms have been implemented in all levels of education. Reform was preceded by a legislative amendments and changes for the appropriate level of education, and its harmonization with EU legislation.

Our future trends and efforts in education area will relate to the following:

  • Strengthen the strategic planning function within the Ministry of Education, Science and Innovation and work towards an integral Education Sector Plan (ESP) covering all levels of education

  • Further improvement of equity and enrolment at all levels

  • Further improvement of the quality of education

  • Strengthened and harmonized pre-service and in-service teacher training

  • A better enabling environment by moving to single-shift schooling and investments in ICT infrastructure and science laboratories

  • Build the sector’s capacity to improve the monitoring and evaluation function and data utilization in order to guide evidence-based policymaking regarding the quality and equity of education.

  • Development of a quality and inclusive system for distance education, online teaching, learning and collaboration

  • Ensure sufficient resources and cost-effective spending