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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Initial education for teachers and trainers working in adult education and training


9.Teachers and education staff

9.7Initial education for teachers and trainers working in adult education and training

Last update: 21 February 2023

Article 66.2 of Law 2/2006 on Education (LOE), amended by Law 3/2020 (LOMLOE), establishes that Education Authorities may collaborate with other public administrations with competences in adult education and, in particular, with Labour Authorities, as well as with local corporations and various social agents.

Teaching staff in the provision offered by Education Authorities

Article 99 of Law 2/2006 on Education (LOE), amended by Law 3/2020 (LOMLOE), establishes that teaching staff belonging to public educational institutions providing Adult Education (AE) comprise civil servants of the different non-university teaching bodies, in line with the educational levels and programmes offered. They belong to the following bodies:

  • school teachers;
  • technician teachers of vocational training;
  • secondary education teachers;
  • teachers of official language schools.

Education Authorities provide teachers with the training necessary for catering for the characteristics of adults.

The teaching of foreign languages must be provided by teachers with the corresponding specialisation or qualification or by teachers from the body of professors and secondary education teachers in the corresponding specialisation, a situation which will in all cases require the voluntary participation of the interested parties and will have no effect on the permanent staff of educational institutions.

Exceptionally, and according to Article 97.2 of the LOE, in the case of Official Language School teachers, professionals of foreign nationality who do not necessarily have the qualification may be incorporated as specialist teachers, taking into account their qualifications and the needs of the education system.

Exceptionally, in Intermediate and Advanced Vocational Training, for the teaching of professional modules in certain specialities, professionals who do not necessarily hold a qualification and who carry out their activity in the workplace may be incorporated as experts in the productive sector, in accordance with their qualifications and the needs of the education system. This type of incorporation is carried out on an employment basis, in accordance with the provisions of Article 95.2 of the LOE, as amended by the LOMLOE.

Teaching staff in the provision offered by Employment Authorities

Article 86 of Organic Law 3/2022 on the organisation and integration of vocational training (LOIFP) establishes the requirements for vocational training teachers not incorporated into the education system. Thus, it is necessary to have a university degree, a Bachelor's degree, a Bachelor's degree, an Engineering degree or an Architect's degree, an equivalent qualification or, where appropriate, an Advanced Vocational Training Technician qualification or equivalent which, for teaching purposes, is determined by regulation, in addition to the established pedagogical and didactic training.

In turn, for the purposes of teaching in certain grades and specialisations of vocational training offers, the equivalences applicable to those who hold a Vocational Training Technician, Advanced Vocational Training Technician, Assistant Technician or Specialist Vocational Training Technician qualification and, where appropriate, level 2 and 3 Certificates of Professional Experience associated with the vocational family must be determined by regulation.

With regard to the training for obtaining the Certificates of Professional Experience, trainers must meet the requirements set out in Article 13 of Royal Decree 34/2008, amended by Royal Decree 189/2013.

On the other hand, when training that is not linked to obtaining the Certificates of Professional Experience, the requirements specified in the programme of the training speciality must be fulfilled, which must appear in the Catalogue of Formative Specialities of the State Public Employment Service (SEPE).

As for the figure of experts from the productive sector, the specific requirements and conditions for the performance of their teaching support functions have yet to be established in the regulations.