In Greece, as in the other countries of the European Union, the major issues concerning teachers and teaching staff of all educational levels are summarized as follows:
- Initial education
- Conditions of service, terms of employment
- Continuing professional training
Initial training for Primary and Secondary Education teachers falls under the Higher Education University sector, while all teachers in Primary Education - including Pre-primary and Primary School Education - as well as teachers in Secondary Education, hold at least a first cycle degree.
Regarding the appointment and recruitment system, the provisions of Law 4589/2019 as supplemented by Law 4823/2021, a new legislative framework for the appointment of teachers and secondary education and members of the Special Education Staff and Special Support Staff was implemented from 29-1-2019, as well as the recruitment of substitute and hourly paid teachers for both general education and special education under the authority of the Supreme Council for the Selection of Personnel (ASEP).
Specifically, the appointment/recruitment of teaches is carried out exclusively by means of evaluative ranking lists of candidates by sector and speciailty, which are drawn up by the ASEP, following a request from the Ministry of Education, in accordance with educational needs. These lists are drawn up on the basis of predetermined and objective criteria, as defined in the provisions of Law (4589/2019) (chapter E') in descending order of total score as determined by the cumulative scoring of these criteria and will be valid until the end of the second school year following the end of the school year in which their publication in the Government Gazette took place. Academic qualifications, actual educational experience and social criteria will be taken into account (see Section 9.2 "Access to the profession").
The procedure is open to all those who have the formal qualification for appointment to primary or secondary education. Interested persons may apply for appointment as permanent and/or temporary substitute or hourly teachers or members of the special education staff and special support staff. in the manner specified in the relevant ASEP notice.
For the purpose of verifying the qualification of primary and secondary education staff, diplomas, as well as postgraduate and doctoral degrees awarded by foreign educational institutions, shall be accepted under the conditions set out in Chapter 9.2 "Access to the profession", in accordance with Law 4653/2020.
With regard to the status of teachers of Primary and Secondary Education, transfers, secondments and transfers of teachers of these levels and are regulated by legislative provisions, indicatively, Law 1566/1985, Presidential Decree 50/1996, Law 4589/2019, Law 4610/2019, Law 4653/2020, Law 4812/2021 and the provisions of Law 4823/2021 ( see also Chapter 9.2. "Staff status" and Mobility and transfers")
Regarding issues of salary classification and development of teachers Primary and Secondary Education, law 4354/2015, in conjunction with No. 2/31029 / DEP / 06-05-2016 revised interpretative circular of the Income Policy Department of the General Accounting Office of the State (see Chapter 9.2. "Salary and Grade Development" and "Teachers' Salaries" and article 65 of Law 4917/2022).
Law 4547/2018, as supplemented by Law 4842/2021 refers to the organization and staffing of public primary and secondary education services, and in particular to the issues of:
- Selection and evaluation of primary and secondary Education Staff (Chapters C' and D')
- In matters of planning and evaluation of the educational work of schools the planning and evaluation of teacher
- Teachers education and training.