Professors’ and tenured assistant professors election promotion and permanent appointment procedures are determined by Law 4957/2022.
Professors are elected as full time teaching staff. Upon completing three years of actual execution of duties in the first appointment rank, they are eligible to enter the part time employment category. During the period of their inclusion in a part-time status, D.E.P. members they receive thirty-five percent (35 %) of the regular salaries, excluding family allowance, of the corresponding full-time grade with the same years of service.
Income, retirement status and statutory sabbatical or other leaves are determined at central level and are applicable to all rank professors.
It is pointed out that the professors’ duties, rights and obligations are determined by the respective Higher Education Institutions Organisational Charters.
Every HEI is responsible for assuring the quality and constant development of its work in education and research. It is also responsible for effective operation and efficiency of services in accordance with international practice and, first and foremost, with the principles of the European Higher Education Area and the directions of the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (ADIP), (L. 4009).
The Higher Education Institutions have the following bodies, each of which exercises its powers:
- the Management Board,
- the Senate,
- the Rector,
- the Vice Chancellors,
- the Executive Director.
The Senate in Higher Education Institutions is comprised of:
- The Rector
- The Deans of Schools
- The Heads of Departments
- Student representatives
- One representative per category from members of the Institution’s collective bodies, such as Special Teaching Staff, Laboratory Teaching Staff and Special Technical Laboratory Staff.
The senate of HEIs has responsibilities which are provided for in the provisions of the aforementioned law, the Organization and the Institution's Internal Regulations. One of the responsibilities of the Senate of each Institution is to approve the annual recruitment planning for members of Teaching and Research Staff and temporary teaching staff, following a proposal by the Deans of the Schools of HEI's following a proposal by the Assemblies of the Departments, which he submits to the Ministry of Education and Religion.
Entry to the profession
The teaching and research work in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), performed by DEP (Teaching and Research Staff) members. Teaching and research staff is distinguished to first rank teaching staff i..e. professors, associate professors, assistant professors and tenured assistant professors.
Main qualifications to be eligible for the position of professor for all first rank professors (senior academic staff) are: a doctoral diploma (PhD), as well as academic work equivalent to the object of the vacant position.
Eligibility for being recognized a first rank /professor (Law 4957/2022) also requires:
- A minimum of six (6) years of autonomous teaching, after having acquired the doctoral diploma in the requested cognitive field. The eligible academic should, also, be able to attest in:
- The planning and teaching of the curricula of at least two modules or
- The planning of academic work in a relevant field, in acknowledged (greek and/or foreign) research centres.
- Original research published in acknowledged academic journals, a number of which should be autonomous or original scientific monographs
- Teaching experience of at least three years in post graduate programmes of national or foreign HEIs or management for three years, at least, of recognized research centers or institutes or at least a three-year term in a managerial position of a highly prestigious organization at home or abroad.
- Participation in counselling committees for at least one successfully completed doctoral these
sor participation in three-member advisory committees of at least two (2) doctoral theses that have been successfully completed, from their initiation to their termination.
For the election or advancement, the following are particularly taken into account:
- the international research and scientific presence of the candidate,
- whether his overall research and scientific work has contributed to the progress of science, has been used and recognized by other researchers internationally,
- the recognized social presence and intervention,
- the overall administrative work in positions of responsibility and in committees of the foundation,
- the participation in research projects or the assumption of scientific responsibility,
- the securing of intellectual property through patents and
- the participation in the establishment spin-off companies, which have resulted from the export of the candidate's research results.
Selection in the position of Associate Professor requires:
- the possession of a doctoral degree.
- a minimum of five (5) years of experience, after obtaining the doctoral degree, independent teaching work in national or foreign higher education institutions in a field related to the subject of the position or research project in recognized national or foreign research centers or research and in general scientific professional employment in a relevant scientific field with the subject of the position to be filled or a combination of the above.
- original publications, in scientific journals or in proceedings of scientific conferences or scientific collective volumes, in Greece or abroad, which operate with a system of judges, of which a number must be independent or original scientific monographs in addition to the doctoral thesis or a combination of the above.
For the election or advancement, the following are particularly taken into account: i) the international research and scientific presence of the candidate, ii) whether his overall research and scientific work has contributed to the progress of science, as well as being used and recognized by other researchers internationally, iii) the recognized social presence and intervention, iv) the overall administrative work, such as participation in AEI committees, v) participation in research projects or the assumption of scientific responsibility within the meaning of article 234 in some of them, vi) securing intellectual property through patents and vii) participating in the establishment of spin-off companies.
Selection in the position of Assistant Professor, (Law 4957/2022 ),requires:
- the possession of a doctoral degree in a subject related to the academic subject of the position to be filled.
- at least three (3) years of experience, after obtaining the doctoral degree, independent teaching work in national or foreign higher education institutions in a field related to the subject of the position or research project in recognized national or foreign research centers or research and in general scientific professional employment in a relevant scientific field with the subject of the position to be filled or a combination of the above.
- original publications in scientific journals or in proceedings of scientific conferences or scientific collective volumes, in Greece or abroad, which operate with a referee system, either independently or in collaboration with other researchers, or an original scientific monograph in addition to the doctoral thesis or a combination of above.
For the election, the following are particularly taken into account: i) the international research and scientific presence of the candidate, ii) the participation in research projects and the extraction of research results, iii) the securing of intellectual property through patents and iv) the participation in the establishment of spin-off companies off ), which have resulted from the extraction of the candidate's research results.
As part of their participation in the administrative bodies of the Institution, Teaching and Research Staff (DEP) members should exercise instructive, research-scientific work but also administrative work. In particular:
The instructive work may include:
- Undergraduate instruction
- Instruction of post-graduate subjects
- Task organisation, supervision and operation of workshops and clinics, workshop and clinic tests and exercises
- Participation in tutorials and seminars
- The writing of instructive companions
- Co-operation with undergraduate and graduate students.
The research-scientific work mainly includes:
- Basic or applied research
- Guidance and supervision of undergraduate dissertations, dioplomas and doctoral theses
- Participation in conferences and research seminars.
The administrative tasks mainly include participation in HEIs governing boards DEP members also have the task to offer services relevant to their specialization and position to the entire community.
Senior academic staff is appointed for full time occupation, they may, however, work part time after applying to do so, on condition that this does not fall under the preconditions of irreconcilable behavior and suspension of their status as DEP members. Planning, monitoring and announcement of Institution professors’ election procedures, as well as candidates’ applications, are organized through the electronic system APELLA. Each Institution draws up and keeps its internal and external members registers (L.4405/2016).
Professors’ selection, promotion and permanent appointment are realized by electoral assemblies
(consisting of eleven regular members),, who belong to the same or higher rank as the advertised position and who are appointed, with an equal number of substitute members.
Each Department draws up an internal and an external member register.
The internal member registers include professors, associate professors and permanently employed assistant professors of the relevant faculty and institution while external member registers include professors or permanently employed associate professors of other HEIs in the country and of equivalent HEIs abroad as well as researchers of a corresponding rank employed in research institutions in the country or abroad.
The electoral body forms a recommendation committee, consisting of three members, to make recommendations concerning the following:
- Evaluates the candidates’ academic qualifications
- Their scientific work and personality
- Draws up a comparative and value rating ranking of all candidates (if there are more than one).
The members of the electoral body meet, assess the candidates, take a vote and select the candidate with the most appropriate academic qualifications .
The professors’ appointment is concluded by act of the Rector of the Institution following the legality control on the selection procedure
Teaching as well as other teaching and research activities held in HEI may be assigned to Adjunct professors. Adjunct professors are PhD holders or persons fully recognized for their professional achievements. Having Phd degree is not necessary for exceptionally and undoubtedly specific cognitive scientific fields in which the writing of a thesis is not possible.
The selection procedure follows an open announcement while responsibility for the selection lies with the relevant Education Institution.
With a view to meeting existing educational needs and promoting the faculty’s scientific activities, the following categories of professors may be brought in:
- Visiting professors, established Greek or foreign scientists holding or having the qualifications to hold the position of professor or researcher in a research centre, as well as Greek or foreign post-doctoral researchers, young scientists, PhD holders
- Retired professors, only in postgraduate and PhD studies programmes
- Academic grant holders, scientists with recognized standing and professional experience, PhD holders, doctoral candidates, persons with exceptionally excellent technical experience.
In addition to the above-mentioned categories in Higher Education Institutions:
- Special educational-teaching work is carried out by the members of the Special Teaching Staff category. This category includes the education staff teaching Foreign Languages or the Greek language as a foreign language, Physical education, Design as well as Fine and Applied Arts
Main qualifications for appointment in the position of the Special Teaching staff category is a 1st cycle university degree relevant to the cognitive field of the position and a relevant doctoral diploma
- Laboratory-applied teaching work is carried out by the members of the Special Laboratory and Teaching Staff (EDIP) category. Their work primarily involves conducting laboratory and clinical as well as practical exercises in the relevant universities’ application fields. The formal qualifications required for appointment to positions for this HEI staff category are a first cycle degree associated to the cognitive field of the position in question as well as a relevant postgraduate title.
Holders of a doctoral diploma or senior staff members have to perform the following tasks:
- Instructive work
- Supervising of dissertations and undergraduate and postgraduate theses.
Special Laboratory and Teaching Staff members may offer their services to university clinics, workshops, or units set up in hospitals of the National Health System or of HEIs and be remunerated for the performance of clinical work which does not hinder their instruction duties.
- Specialised techniques and laboratory services pertaining to the HEIs’ overall operation are carried out by the Special Technical Laboratory Staff (ETEP) members category. The formal qualification required for appointment to ETEP positions depending on the position announced is the acquisition of a tertiary education degree relevant to the announced position.
The Assembly of the Department or the Faculty, or the Senate, according to the academic unit the position refers to, declare the vacant positions and appoint the candidates of the three above mentioned categories.
Since the incorporation of the first Technological Educational Institutes (TEI) in Tertiary Education (L. 4521/2019), University and TEI professors are all considered as Tertiary Education professors. There is a payment differentiation due to a difference of tasks, nevertheless, they are all Tertiary Education professors.
In accordance with article 16 of the Hellenic Constitution tertiary education professors are public servants and Teaching and Research Staff (DEP) members of HEIs.
Main qualifications for selection to all professor ranks (both for Universities and TEI) are:
- Position of doctoral diploma
- Research, scientific or artistic relevance of the candidates’ work with the cognitive scope of the vacancy.
Serving Lecturers (former teaching staff of applied sciences of TEI) are an exception from the above requirements and, therefore, do not need to hold a doctoral diploma. The latter do not fall under the category of serving university lecturers, but in the category of applied science lecturers.
If serving lecturers of applied sciences acquire a doctoral diploma, they may ask for the conversion of their status to that of the serving university lecturer. They, also, may, ask for the conversion of their status following the specific procedure required of those whose cognitive field is of exceptional and unquestionable character. In all cases they preserve the right of acquiring a permanent position and of progression to the rank of assistant professor.
Conversely, Associate Professors and Assistant Professors of former TEI are integrated into the academic status of the corresponding DEP member ranks of universities, solely upon applying, without any other procedure, since the qualifications for the above ranks for DEP members of TEI, are basically, corresponding to the qualifications for the above ranks of DEP members of Universities. (L.4521/2018 and later provisions).
By virtue of Law 4957/2022 professors and associate professors are elected as permanent teaching staff.
Professors’ positions belong to the institution and are distributed and re-distributed to the undergraduate studies faculties based on their educational needs, upon the Senate’s relevant decision and following the Rector’s relevant recommendation.
Professors can teach in more than one undergraduate studies programme, in postgraduate and PhD programmes as well as in lifelong learning programmes.
Professors are selected for full time employment. Upon completion of three years of actual execution of their duties at the first appointment rank, they can enter the part time employment category, receiving 35% of their regular salary.
Professors holding a full time employment position in the public or private sector, necessarily belong to the category of professors employed part time.
However, in order for part time employed teachers to obtain a second paid position in the public or private sector, it is required that a permission from the relevant Dean’s Office.
The capacity of Rector, deputy Rector, or Dean is incompatible with any other professional activity outside the institution. By ecxeption, the Dean may teach at the Hellenic Open University as a member of the Collaborating Teaching Staff (Law 4823/21).
Professors employed in equivalent HEIs abroad and elected for a position of professor in a Greek HEI for a 5 year service, share the same rights and obligations as their counterparts except for the right of participation in the institution’s administrative bodies.
Assistant Professors are selected for a three year term in office. However, within a period of two (2) months from the ending of their term in office they may apply for:
- A renewal of their term for another three years
- The acquisition of a permanent status in the rank of assistant professor or
- Their progression to the next rank
If, none of the above opportunities is applied for by an assistant professor during the two month period, then they are dismissed. If their assessment for permanence is positive, assistant professors become permanent in the position they already hold.
If the assessment for the renewal of their term of office or permanence or progression is negative, then they reserve the right to repeat their petition after at least one (1) year. However, in the case of a second negative assessment their term of office expires automatically.
If the term of office of assistant professors is renewed, they may apply for permanence or progression after one (1) year.
Adjunct professors are employed full-time or part-time under fixed-term employment contracts governed by private law lasting from one to three academic years.
The contracts above may be renewed but the total office of adjunct professors at the same institution cannot exceed the five academic years.
Even though professors’ special rights, duties and obligations are determined by each institution separately, professors are collectively forbidden to:
- Be employed as advisors or assume administrative or teaching or research duties or participate in any employment relationship and for any period of time in a body providing educational or research services not belonging to the public sector (by exception, according to Law 4115/2013, HEI professors are allowed to work in any of the abovementioned capacities, in non-profit research institutes constituting legal entities of private law),
- Establish or participate in any relationship or capacity, in enterprises or companies or consortia or profitable legal entities assigned by the relevant or other HEI to prepare studies or programmes or carry out a particular task, or supply material or provide services,
- Hold a second permanent position in the public sector in addition to the position of HEI teaching staff member or judicial functionary or church official.
Violation of the incompatibility principle results in the violator’s mandatory referral to the disciplinary board by the Rector or the Minister of Education and Religious Affairs and is punishable by dismissal.
- Members of the Government or Deputy Minister,
- Member of Parliament or MEP,
- General secretaries of Ministries and Special Secretaries,
- General secretaries in decentralized administrations or Decentralized Administration Coordinators,
- • Leaders in international organizations,
- chairman or head of independent authorities,
- Bishops or Archbishops of the Eastern Orthodox Church of Christ, whose seat is outside Greece,
- Presidents, deputy presidents, administrators, assistant administrators and their deputies in Legal Entities Governed either by Public Law or Private Law belonging to the public sector, with the exception of research centers and institutes falling under the authority of the Ministry of Education, as well as non-profit and public benefit foundations.
The maximum period of suspension of duties may not exceed ten (10) years in total.
Law 4472/2017, for the salary classification of Higher Education Teaching Staff, defines 16 pay scales for each rank. The starting pay scale is 1 (MK1) and the ending is 16 (MK16).
For first rank University Professors, the basic monthly salary for MK1 (entry-level position) is 2,122€ (gross earnings).
For all next pay scales of University Professors, the basic monthly salary is formed by adding 60€ to the salary earned from the previous pay scale.
More specifically the basic monthly salary for all the other ranks of Teaching Research Staff members (DEP) is formed on an average basis of the relevant pay scale (MK) of the Professor, as follows:
- Associate Professor: 85% which is 1,804€ for MK1
- Assistant Professor: 75% which is 1,592€ for MK1
- Lecturer: 70% which is 1,485€ for MK1 etc.
Basic salary of University professors
Assistant Professors on tenure
Adjunct professors and visiting Professors are granted a monthly salary. The amount and terms of the salary are defined by a joint decision of the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Education.
In addition to the basic salary, University Teaching Research Staff members (DEP) and TEI Scientific Staff members (EP) receive a special teaching and research allowance, a family benefit allowance, etc. (Law 4472/2017).
University Teaching and Research Staff members (DEP), Special Training Staff members (EEP) and Special Laboratory and Teaching Staff members (EDIP) may offer their services in:
- University clinics
- Laboratories or special units within the National Health Care System.
They receive a special payment from the budget appropriations of the relevant hospital, for their clinical and laboratory work. The amount of payment is defined by a joint decision of the Ministers of Finance and Health.
Full-time employment Professors can:
- Receive payment from financed projects
- Receive payment from intellectual property rights
- Perform with or without payment any type of duty or activity with the exception of commercial activities
- Receive payment for clinical work and on-call duties in University clinics
- Receive payment for participating in the Supreme Council for Civil Personnel Selection (ASEP) and the Central Examination Committee for admission to Tertiary Education
- Participate as salaried members in maximum two committees and scientific or administrative boards of the public and private sector as well as in HEI administrative committees, as members of the Academy of Athens and as members or scientific associates of the Scientific Board
- Teach at any other HEI, public schools, public Vocational Training Institutes and Vocational Training Centers or assume administrative duties at the Institute of Educational Policy (IEP)
- Receive payment for participating in the institution’s administrative bodies, the Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency (ADIP) or any other body supervised by the Ministry or Education, Research and Religious Affairs
- Pursue a liberal profession after informing the Dean of their School.
Working time, holidays and scientific leave
According to article 155, Law 4957/2022, the members of DEP full-time are required to:
- To provide teaching work of at least six (6) hours per week on average during the academic year in first and second cycle study programs and minor and short-term study programs of the Department of HEI's, in which they have is elected, following a decision of the Department's Assembly regarding the assignment of a teaching project. It is possible to assign teaching work within the first cycle study programs of other Departments after a decision of the Department Assembly, following the consent of the Dean's Office, which is included in the minimum limit of six (6) hours of teaching work. Any teaching work offered in second-cycle study programs with an additional fee, as well as foreign language study programs, winter and summer schools, are not taken into account for the fulfillment of the minimum obligation to provide six (6) hours of teaching work.
- To attend the university premises at least twelve (12) hours per week, in addition to the six (6) hours of teaching work and to provide all kinds of teaching, research, scientific, laboratory and administrative work.
- The members of DEP who are placed on part-time status, the weekly hours of work are reduced by fifty percent (50%).
- The working hours of DEP members full-time hours are spread over a minimum of three (3) days per week, while the working hours of DEP members part-time jobs are spread over at least two (2) days per week.
During the academic year, no classes are held at the HEIs for two weeks during Christmas time and two weeks during Easter time respectively.
Christmas holidays are set from December 24 to January 7, while the Easter break is from Holy Monday to the Sunday after Easter.
In addition to these holidays, HEIs remain closed for another 7 days corresponding to religious and national celebrations.
- October 28th: Anniversary of saying "OHI" (NO) to Italian fascism
- November 17th: Anniversary of the Polytechnic uprising in 1973
- January 30th: Celebration of the Three Holy Fathers
- March 25th: Anniversary of the Revolution of 1821
- Shrove Monday
- May 1st: Labor Day
- Holy Spirit Day: (Movable religious holiday).
No classes are held at HEIs between the end of the examination period at the end of the spring semester and the beginning of the winter semester in September.
Leave of Teaching Research Staff members
- scientific leave with full remuneration, with a maximum limit of up to one (1) academic year for every six (6) years of continuous service or up to one (1) academic semester for every three (3) years of continuous service,
- permission to submit a patent application, with remuneration, with a maximum of three (3) months per three (3) academic years,
- leave without pay, which may not exceed a total of three (3) academic years throughout his active service.
Promotion - advancement
The teaching and research work in the Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs) is carried out by the members of the Teaching Research Staff, who are divided into four (4) levels as follows:
- First level teachers (Professors),
- Associate Professors,
- Assistant Professors,
- Assistant Professors on tenure.
The members of Teaching Research Staff, elected in levels a) and b) are elected as permanent. Associate Professors may request to be promoted to the rank of Professor after completing three (3) years from their appointment. If the Associate Professors are not promoted to the next level, they have the right to request the announcement of the position again after at least two (2) years have passed since the decision on their non-promotion was made.
Assistant Professors are elected for a five-year term. After the completion of three (3) years from assuming their duties, Assistant Professors may request their permanent status at the rank of Assistant Professor or their advancement to the rank of Associate Professor. If the decision on their permanent tenure is negative, the Assistant Professors have the right to request their permanent tenure again, after the lapse of at least one (1) year from the issuance of the negative decision and in any case before the lapse of five years, upon completion of which their term of office is automatically extended until the completion of the adjudication process for their permanent appointment. If there is a second negative judgment on permanence, their tenure is extended until the end of the academic year in which the negative judgment took place, at which point it automatically expires. If the Assistant Professors do not exercise any of the above possibilities, their relationship with HEI's automatically terminated after the five-year period has expired.
The election and development of the members of the Teaching Research Staff of all levels and the permanent tenure of the Assistant Professors are done by special electoral bodies consisting of eleven (11) regular members, who belong to the same or higher rank with the advertised position and which are designated, with an equal number of substitute members.
Retirement and pensions
Higher Education Institutions’ Professors retire ipso jure from their position, at the end of the academic year, in which they turn 67 years old.