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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Teaching and learning in single-structure education

Montenegro

5.Single-structure primary and lower secondary education

5.2Teaching and learning in single-structure education

Last update: 27 November 2023

Curriculum, Subjects, Number of Hours

The Law on Primary Education prescribes that primary education is provided on the basis of a publicly valid educational programme for primary education. The educational programme includes: compulsory part, compulsory activities and extended part. The compulsory part comprises compulsory and elective subjects. Compulsory activities include: class meetings, days of culture, sports and technical activities. The extended part includes: extracurricular activities, additional and remedial classes, outdoor school and pupil excursions. Compulsory subjects are set by the Ministry following the proposal of the National Council for Education.

English is studied from the first grade as compulsory subject, whereas the second foreign language pupils choose is compulsory from the sixth grade. When choosing the second foreign language, schools are required to offer pupils at least two foreign languages, according to their capacities.

General part of a the publicly valid educational programme for primary education

a) Curriculum

Subjects / Activities

Grade and Class Load

 

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

Total class load

 Compulsory part: Compulsory subjects

Montenegrin - Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian language and literature

5

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

41

Mathematics

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

36

English language

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

3

23

2nd foreign language

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

2

2

8

Fine arts

2

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

12

Music education

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

9

Natural science and social studies

2

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Social studies

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

 

 

4

History

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

2

1

6

Geography

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

1

5

Natural science

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

 

 

4

Biology

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

1

1

6

Chemistry

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

2

4

Physics

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

2

5

Informatics with technical aspects

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

 

4

Physical Education

3

3

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

24

Elective subjects

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

3

 Compulsory activities

Class meetings

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

6

Number of subjects

7

7

7

8

9

10

14

14

13

 

Weekly number of subjects

19

19

19

21

23

24

27

28

26

206

Number of working weeks

34

34

34

34

34

34

34

34

31

 

Days of culture, technical activities and sport

7 days

7 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

 

Extended part

Leisure activities

 

 

 

2

2

2

2

2

2

 

Additional classes

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

 

Remedial classes

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

 

Outdoor school

 

School trip

Outdoor school is envisaged as an option for pupils from 1st to 8th grade with the following scope: 1st and 2nd grade up to 3 days, from 3rd to 8th grade up to 5 working days.

School trip is envisaged as an option for pupils of the 9th grade, taking up to 5 working days.

 

b) Curriculum for primary education at institutions where instruction is carried out in the Albanian language

Subjects / Activities

Grade and Class Load

 

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

Total class load

 Compulsory part: Compulsory subjects

Albanian language and literature

5

5

5

5

5

4

4

4

4

41

Montenegrin language as non-mother tongue

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

18

Mathematics

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

36

English Language

2

2

2

2

3

3

3

3

3

23

2nd Foreign Language

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

2

2

8

Fine Arts

2

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

12

Music education

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

9

Nature and Society

2

2

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Social studies

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

 

 

4

History

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

2

1

6

Geography

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

1

5

Natural studies

 

 

 

2

2

 

 

 

 

4

Biology

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

1

1

6

Chemistry

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

2

4

Physics

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

2

2

5

Informatics with technical aspects

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

 

4

Physical education

3

3

3

3

3

3

2

2

2

24

Elective subjects

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

1

3

Compulsory Activities

Class meetings

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

6

Number of subjects

8

8

8

9

10

11

15

15

14

 

Weekly number of subjects

21

21

21

23

25

26

29

30

28

224

Number of working weeks

34

34

34

34

34

34

34

34

31

 

Days of culture, technical activities and sport

7 days

7 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

5 days

 

Extended part

Leisure activities

 

 

 

2

2

2

2

2

2

 

Additional classes

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

 

Remedial classes

 

 

 

1

1

1

1

1

1

 

Outdoor school

 

School trip

Outdoor school is envisaged as an option for pupils from 1st to 8th grade with the following scope: 1st and 2nd grade up to 3 days, from 3rd to 8th grade up to 5 working days.

School trip is envisaged as an option for pupils of the 9th grade, taking up to 5 working days.

 

Proposed list of elective subjects is prepared by the Bureau for Education Services. The list of elective subjects and their content is adopted by the Ministry, at the proposal of the National Council.

List of elective subjects in primary school

Number

Title of the elective subject

Weekly class load

Grade in which it is studied

I

LANGUAGE GROUP OF SUBJECTS

 

 

1.

Language workshop

1

IX

2.

Literary and journalist workshop

1

VII or VIII or IX

II

NATURAL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATIC GROUP OF SUBJECTS

 

 

3.

Mathematical workshop –  combinatorial analysis and elementary theory of numbers

1

VII

4.

Mathematical workshop  - geometry

1

VIII

5.

Mathematical workshop  - sets, relations, functions

1

IX

6.

Measurement in physics

1

VII

7.

Medicinal plants

1

VIII

8.

Chemistry through experiments

1

VIII and IX

III

IT GROUP OF SUBJECTS

   

9.

Creating graphics with image processing and photography

1

VIII

10.

Introduction to programming

1

IX

IV

SOCIAL GROUP OF SUBJECTS

   

11.

Citizenship education

1

VII and VIII or VIII and IX

12.

Interesting geography

1

VIII

13.

History of Religion

1

IX

14.

Researching humanitarian law

1

VIII or IX

15.

European Union

1

VIII or IX

VI

ART

   

16.

Fine arts workshop

1

VII or VIII or IX

 

PHYSICAL CULTURE

 

 

17.

Sport for athletes

1

VII or VIII or IX

VII

INTERDISCIPLINARY GROUP OF SUBJECTS

   

18.

Environmental values

1

VIII and IX

19.

Healthy lifestyles

1

VIII and IX

20.

Entrepreneurship

1

VII or VIII or IX

 

In Montenegro there are classes at which part of instruction is carried out in English. Teaching according to CLIL method is carried out in one class of the first grade, at four primary schools, and in one class of the second grade at four primary schools as well. This approach envisages regularly carrying out brief conversations in English during the instruction of the so-called non-linguistic subjects (mathematics, nature and social studies, music education, fine arts and physical education).

Teaching Methods and Materials

Teachers are provided with professional autonomy in organising classes, applying teaching methods, selecting forms of work with pupils, as well as in selecting tasks they set before their pupils within the established educational programme.

An institution that carries out publicly valid educational programmes should use the textbooks and teaching materials which have been approved by the National Council for Education. Private institutions are obliged to use textbooks approved by the National Council only for compulsory subjects set by the educational programme, i.e. approved by law. The preparation of textbooks is regulated by the Law on Publishing and the Rulebook on the procedure for obtaining, evaluating, approving and preparing textbooks and teaching materials.

The preparation of manuscripts of textbooks is carried out according to the established procedure. Each manuscript of the textbook requires professional assessment (review). Members of the review panel are selected from the List of Reviewers, adopted by the National Council for Education.

The organization of educational work is conditioned by the number of pupils, i.e. the size of school. At schools with larger number of pupils, teaching is conducted in subject-based classrooms for biology, chemistry, physics, as well as special classrooms for music and fine arts. The physical education is carried out in the hall for physical education. Subject-based classrooms and halls for physical education are equipped with teaching materials and aids.

All primary schools in Montenegro have been provided with computers - the number of which depends on the number of pupils, other computer equipment, as well as internet access. Contemporary methods of work and modernization of teaching brought about the use of “smart boards” in a number of primary schools.