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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice



Last update: 29 August 2022

Commisional examination

Commissional examination (komisionálna skúška) is an examination which pupil performs in front of the commission. This can happen from different reasons: pupil individual education, when talented pupil wants to advance to the next year but higher level (for example not from 5 to 6, but 5 to 7 or similar), on parents or headteacher demand, in case of retake exam, etc. 



Conservatory (konzervatórium) provides for complex artistic and artistic-educational education. It prepares pupils for professional artistic employment and for teaching artistic and vocational subjects in educational programmes of artistic orientation.



Curriculum (učebné osnovy) complete the objectives and content, outlines basic methods, forms and aids of educational process.


Education plan

Education plan (učebný plán) completes subjects and the number of hours in grade at individual levels and kind of schools.


Educational standards

Educational standard (vzdelávací štandard) represents a part of the teaching material of the given thematic unit in the teaching subject, which is supposed to be at each primary and secondary school for all pupils. Executive part contains requirements on pupil knowledge and skills – it is a part of teaching materials, which should every pupil acquire.



Gymnasium (gymnázium) is an internally differentiated school providing general education that prepares young people mainly for study at higher education institutions; it can also prepare them for performance of some activities in administration, culture and other areas. Gymnasium has minimum four (ISCED 3) and maximum eight (ISCED 2-3) grades. The study is completed with school leaving examination.


Individual education

Individual education (individuálne vzdelávanie) is when pupil doesn´t attend school education on regular daily basis. This can be realized after parents request for it and headteacher allows it. 



Kindergarten (materská škola) is a school providing pre-primary education (ISCED 0) for children from 3 to 6 years, and if the capacity of kindergarten permits, they accept children from 2 years. The childcare in kindergartens is combined with education. Kindergartens are a part of  school education network.


Mix-aged school

Mix-aged school (malotriedna škola) is a primary school in which it is possible to teach pupils of several grades together in one class. At the first stage depending on local condition, the school can have from one to four classes. School can have both stages (full organised) or only first stage, it is not possible to merge several grades together at the second stage.



Nurseriers (detské jasle) are facilities providing childcare of children from 6 months to 3 years.


Primary school

Primary school (základná škola) has nine grades. It is divided into two stages. The first stage consist of Grades 1-4 (ISCED 1); the second stage consists of Grades 5-9 (ISCED 2).


Secondary vocational school

Secondary vocational school (stredná odborná škola) prepares mainly for performance of specialized activities, especially technical-economic, economic, pedagogical, health service, social-legal, administrative, artistic and cultural; it provides complete specialized education with the school leaving examination and enables school leavers to directly get involved in the world of work or apply for study at higher education institutions.


School educational programme

The school educational programme (školský vzdelávací program) follows requirements of the Education Act, the State educational programme, and is based on objectives and concentrations (profilling) of the particular school.  It is the basic curricular (target- and programme-based) document according to which education and training is carried out at school.


School for children and pupils with special education needs

School for children and pupils with special education needs (škola pre deti alebo žiakov so špeciálnymi výchovno-vzdelávacími potrebami) provides for education and training of health impaired children and pupils (e.g. with mental disorders, hearing and visual impairment, physical disabilities and communication deficiencies, deaf-and-dumb, ill and weakened, ect.)


State educational programme

State educational programme (štátny vzdelávací program) is a frame compulsory content of education aimed at development of key competencies required for a certain level of  education and a kind of education guaranteed by the State.


Study branch

Study branch (študijný odbor) it is a kind of vocational preparation that ends with the school leaving examination.


Study field

Study field (učebný odbor) is a specialization of vocational preparation that ends either with a final examination or certificate of apprenticeship.


Tribal school

Tribal school (kmeňová škola) is a school where pupil has been admitted.