The Law on Education states that parties of the education system have the right to participate in the international dimension of education, international programmes or otherwise collaborate with the counterparts of education systems of foreign countries.
The special attention is given to increase internationalization of higher education in Lithuania. One of the indicators of National Education Strategy for 2013-2022 is the ratio of arriving students from Bologna region and departing students to Bologna region for temporary studies. In 2014 the Programme for Promotion of the Internationalisation of Higher Education for 2013-2016 was approved. The key aim of the Programme is to identify the main directions of high education internationalisation’s stimulations in order to increase the quality of higher education, the competitiveness of higher education institutions, supporting the development of Lithuanian (Baltic) studies abroad, and consolidation with Lithuanian emigrants and Lithuanian foreign origin diaspora.
The key institutions engaged in the coordination of pupil, student, teacher and academic staff mobility, cooperation of education and research institutions and creation of partnerships and networks are the Education Exchanges Support Foundation. Many of the programmes realized by Lithuania are the promotion of the European Union (EU) and the Nordic countries mobility programmes. Since 2014 the EU programme ‘Lifelong Learning’ and the parts of the programmes have changed to new ‘Erasmus+’ programme with three parts: mobility for purposes of learning; cooperation for purposes of and exchange of innovation and the best practice; the support for policy reforms.