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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Guidance and counselling in early childhood and school education


12.Educational support and guidance

12.4Guidance and counselling in early childhood and school education

Last update: 25 March 2024

The Law on Education states that pupils, their parents (foster parents or guardians), teachers and education providers may get educational assistance, the aim of which is to increase the effectiveness of education.

At school, children are provided with vocational guidance that helps them to assess their learning outcomes and make the right choice when selecting their pathway to learning and their career. Schools are also provided with social educational help to assist parents (foster parents or guardians) to implement the child’s right to education, ensure their safety at school and together with the child’s parents (foster parents or guardians), help them to choose a school according to their mental and physical abilities and become part of it.

At school, a pupil recognised as having special needs may receive special assistance, including the provision of the sign language interpreting, text reading and note-taking as well as other services, to improv the availability of education.

Academic guidance

Higher education institutions provide academic guidance for prospective and current students. Advice is usually provided by student unions or by individual university departments and is free of charge. Advice includes information on the admission procedures, requirements, application deadlines, calculation of the competition score, study programmes, optional and compulsory subjects, study funding options, etc.

Psychological counselling

The Law on Education specifies that the purpose of psychological assistance is to strengthen the pupils’ psychological immunity and mental health, promote the creation of a safe and supportive learning environment at school through the use of preventive measures, and help learners regain emotional harmony and the ability to live and to learn. This is achieved while also closely cooperating with the learner’s parents (foster parents or guardians).

Psychological assistance of a learner who experiences personal and learning problems, who is abusive or has been abused is universally offered by assistance providers who work in close cooperation with the learner’s parents (foster parents or guardians), and teachers, by providing consultations with them.

Psychological assistance is provided and prevention of psychological problems is undertaken by psychologists employed at the Educational Psychology Services and schools.

Career guidance

The Law on Education states that the purpose of career guidance is, through the use of vocational information, vocational guidance and career development tools, to help an individual choose the most suitable education and employment, acquire career planning and management skills and actively develop their career.

Career guidance is included in the compulsory curriculum to develop pupils’ ability to plan and make informed choices about their future learning paths and careers. Career specialists work as pupil support specialists, with the majority of their work devoted to direct work with pupils. Career guidance starts in the first grade. Career specialists introduce primary school pupils to different professions, and the older the pupil, the more time is spent on guidance, helping them to decide on further education, studies, career paths and plans.