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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
National reforms in vocational education and training and adult learning

Bosnia and Herzegovina

14.Ongoing reforms and policy developments

14.3National reforms in vocational education and training and adult learning

Last update: 15 September 2022
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The Government of Sarajevo Canton adopted Pedagogical standards and norms for secondary education.

In 2022, the Government of Herceg-Bosnia Canton adopted a set of regulations for the regulation of the field of adult education: Rulebook on the duration of implementation of programs for adult education; Rulebook on standards and norms, and the method and procedure for determining the conditions that must be met by the organizer of adult education for the implementation of adult education programs; Rulebook on the content and procedure of issuing public documents in adult education; Rulebook on the content and method of keeping records on adult education organizers, programs, participants, employees and records on other data important for monitoring the development of adult education activities; Rulebook on the name, content and form of public documents in the field of adult education.

The Government of Zenica-Doboj Canton adopted the Adult Education Plan for the period 2022-2024.

The Government of the Republika Srpska adopted the Adult Education Plan for 2022.


The Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, at its 24th session, held on January 28, 2021. On the proposal of the Ministry of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina, adopted a new strategic document for the field of vocational education and training "Improving the quality and relevance of vocational education and training in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Based on the Conclusions from Riga (2021-2030)".

Republika Srpska has adopted the Adult Education Strategy for the period 2021-2031.


With the closure of schools due to the corona-Covid-19 virus pandemic, online vocational and distance learning modalities have been applied in vocational secondary schools, as well as in general secondary schools, and all students have completed the school year online in June 2020.

It was found that 35% of young people encountered difficulties in accessing online teaching, such as lack of appropriate device and internet access, but also the need to share the device with other household members and lack of adequate space for learning.

Education authorities have mobilized existing resources in their own communities to procure ICT devices and the Internet for children who have not had access to online teaching, e.g. contacting telecom companies to provide free internet, engaging international donors and establishing partnerships with the private sector and parents' associations.

Vocational secondary schools, as well as general secondary schools, started in accordance with the law, ie the school calendar, with the possibility of revising the further course in accordance with the epidemiological situation. Classes are organized as for secondary schools and mostly combined classes are used (students in classrooms and online classes), except in the Brcko District, where classes are organized in full school hours, 45 minutes and only in classrooms.

Adult education is carried out in compliance with epidemiological measures and in combination.