Adult education lies within the responsibility of a number of ministries that regulate educational, economic and social policies, regional development and other areas. Although – being a part of the educational system - adult education is primarily under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, other ministries are responsible for providing relevant legislative framework and conditions for the successful functioning of adult education schemes. These ministries are: the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Policy, Ministry of Finance, and Ministry of Public Administration and Local Self-Government.
Beside the relevant ministries, the following state institutions are responsible for the provision, monitoring and improvement of adult education and training in Serbia:
- The National Education Council and Institute for Educational Quality and Evaluation are responsible for determining standards of key competences in primary and general secondary education for adults;
- The Council for Vocational and Adult Education and Institute for the Improvement of Education are responsible for determining standards of vocational competences in vocational secondary education for adults, competences of professional development and other forms of adult education;
- The Centre for Vocational and Adult Education (within the Institute for the Improvement of Education) is also responsible for developing instruments for the assessment of previously acquired competences, determining standards of their recognition, and preparing annual plans for adult education.