Professionalisation of the teaching career – PROF
With a systemic intervention through the project Professionalisation of the teaching career – PROF, which is implemented in the period March 2021 – December 2023, the Ministry of Education is reconsidering the training system for the teaching career, intervening in both initial training (through traineeships) and in-service training (by creating learning communities and flexible routes for access to career and career development).
- The necessary framework for the operationalisation of the institutional mechanism dedicated to teaching career mentoring in school education was created at the National Centre for Teaching Career Mentoring.
- Strategic landmarks of the teaching career in Romania compared to the European Area have been developed.
- The following bodies were established:
- National Body of Mentor Teachers in School Education,
- National Body of Trainers in Teaching Career Mentoring.
- The following registries were created:
- National registry of mentor teachers,
- National registry of trainers in school education.
- The last two in-service training programmes in the area have been accredited:
- PROF III – Educational management in a mentoring context,
- PROF IV – Coaching in the teaching-learning-assessment process in a blended learning context.
- The components of the national network of applicative schools were approved.
- The subject curricula under the school-based curriculum were approved at high-school level.
- Three variants of educational provision for subject curricula under the school-based curriculum have been developed:
- digital education and media skills,
- metacognitive strategies,
- inclusive education and the development of critical thinking.
Relevant curriculum, open education for all – CRED
The project Relevant curriculum, open education for all – CRED has continued the curricular empowerment of teachers so as to ensure a methodological approach that focuses on key competences.
By April 2023:
- a number of 55 093 teachers had been trained.
- about 8 700 open educational resources (OER) had been validated and published (1 408 resources for primary education and 4 533 resources for lower secondary education).
- a glossary has been developed, “Educational concepts related to the National Curriculum”.
- the production and validation of OER has continued, while ensuring the technical functionalities of online educational platforms.
- Teachers benefited from three training programmes as follows:
- 49 883 teachers in the curricular empowerment programme Relevant curriculum, open education for all – CRED,
- 4 780 teachers in the programme the management of an efficient implementation of the national curriculum, MANAGER-CRED, dedicated to head teachers and deputy head teachers of mainstream schools,
- 3 896 teachers in the programme Digital educational resources: creation, use, evaluation – RED-CRED. A new training programme started in April 2023: Design and implementation of outdoor activities in the national curriculum for primary and lower secondary education – CREDactout. This programme is dedicated to non-formal education, and it will provide training for 480 teachers.
Accession to OECD
In the context of its accession to OECD, Romania joins, as from 2023, the INES programme dedicated to indicators of education systems. Pursuant to its participation in INES, Romania will be included for the first time in the publication Education at a Glance 2023, besides the Member countries of OECD and other candidate countries. The information for EAG is collected at national level throughout the year, relying on administrative data or surveys already completed and also including up to 20 separate questionnaires. The publication also includes data from international surveys like PISA, PIAAC and TALIS.
The ROSE Project regarding the Secondary Education
In 2015-2024, the Ministry of Education implements the project on secondary education (ROSE). The goal of the project is to reduce school dropout in upper secondary education and the first year of tertiary education and to raise the rate of success at the baccalaureate examination. In the framework of ROSE, 874 grants are in course of implementation through activities which include: remedial activities, counselling, advice and occupational guidance, coaching, personal development and development of socio-emotional skills, extracurricular and information activities (such as visits/trips for documentation purposes, traineeships, participation in competitions and the establishment of school networks).
In the high schools benefiting from grants:
- the average school dropout rate in final years dropped from the reference rate of 6.5 % to 1.96 %.
- the average high-school graduation rate rose from 86.9 % to 95.65 %.
- the success rate at the baccalaureate examination rose from 49.6 % to 67.76 %.
The systemic intervention component of the ROSE project provides funding for the participation of Romanian students in international educational assessment programmes, such as TIMSS 2019 and PISA 2022, which allows a diagnosis of the educational system using data that is valid and comparable at international level as a basis for recommendations and solutions to increase the performance of the educational system and improve outcome-based national policies.
In 2023, actions are taken to provide financial support for the participation of Romanian students in TIMSS 2023, as well as in studies focusing on other key competences, like citizenship competences in ICCS (International Civic and Citizenship Education Study) and digital competences in ICILS (International Computer and Information Literacy Study).
Development of a network of green schools
On 24 February 2023, the Ministry for Education and the Ministry for the Environment, Waters and Forests launched Saptamanaverde.edu.ro, an online platform with available resources for students and teachers to help them organise activities under the Green Week programme. The online platform provides support to schools and includes a range of information materials and ideas/suggestions for activities which may be organised in schools. Teachers don’t have to limit themselves at the proposed resources and they are encouraged to identify, locally, other types of complementary activities, too.
During a school year, every school may choose one week in the period from February to June to conduct the Green Week programme. Schools may carry out, for five consecutive days, educational activities that contribute to preventing climate change and to environmental protection.
Identification of green competences
With regard to the identification of green competences, the analysis of the demand and offer of green competences conducted by the Sectoral Committee for Environmental Training recommends that all occupational standards include general green competences, selected depending on the requirements of the occupation concerned. In the period 2020 - March 2023, the National Qualifications Authority approved 217 occupational standards, and for 104 of these standards, green (environmental protection) competences have also been defined/developed.
Modernising the material foundation
The implementation of the project Safer, inclusive and sustainable schools in Romania has continued. The first lot of 23 schools at risk have been selected for funding; in February 2023, design contracts have been signed for eight schools, while for the remaining 14 schools, the procurement procedure for design services was re-launched in March 2023.
Reduce early school leaving.
Ensuring equal access to education and reducing early school leaving have remained on the agenda for priority interventions. The planning of these interventions is also provided as a measure for the favourable condition applicable to education and training for access to EU funds in the 2021-2027 programming period.
National strategy for parental education 2023-2030
In order to support children entering a new education cycle, the Ministry of Education proceeded with the development of the project National strategy for parental education 2023-2030. The vision of parental education in Romania – subsequent to the goals of the “Educated Romania” project – proposes a significant contribution of parental education, through specific parental education and support measures with a view to the country targets on the horizon of 2030, to building a modern society where there are fulfilled parents, happy children and solidary communities. The general objective of the strategy is to inform, prepare and valorise parents so as to provide the best support for their children’s care, protection, nutrition, health and education. The due date for the approval of the draft strategy is the third trimester of 2023.
School for all
The call for proposals School for all promotes integrated measures for preventing and reducing school dropout among young and adult learners, for supporting the education staff, including through “a second chance” and “school after school” programmes. By 31 March 2023, 29 208 children, 147 697 students and 18 149 youth/adults had received support for participating in education programmes.
Motivated teachers in disadvantaged schools
The call for proposals Motivated teachers in disadvantaged schools is dedicated to the most disadvantaged schools, which have many children at risk of school dropout and are not successful in attracting or keeping qualified teachers. By 31 March 2023, 89 428 teachers and support teachers had benefited from training/good practice exchange programmes, and 73 777 of them improved their level of competences/were certified.
The Ministry of Education has continued and extended the implementation of social programmes so as to ensure access to education for students from disadvantaged groups.
Money for Highschool
Money for Highschool is a national social protection programme. In the 2022/2023 school year, the number of beneficiaries was 20 509.
Euro 200 is a programme that supports school and university students with few financial resources to purchase computers. In 2021, the number of beneficiaries was 2 150 school and university students.
Hot Meal, a pilot programme providing food support for preschoolers and school students, was extended to 450 public schools. In the 2022/2023 school year, preschoolers and school students in public education received a free hot meal or food package limited at the amount of RON 15 a day per beneficiary. The main purpose of the programme is to reduce the school dropout rate and ensure fair and non-discriminating access to education for all preschoolers and school students in Romania.
The vocational scholarship programme
The vocational scholarship programme is addressed to all school students in vocational education and training and consists in financial support amounting to RON 200 a month. The support is also available to children of foreign citizens benefiting from a form of protection in Romania or children of foreign citizens with a right of stay/residence in the territory of Romania who are enrolled in vocational education and training. In the 2021/2022 school year, 99 342 students benefited from vocational scholarships.
In 2021, the Government of Romania set the following monthly amounts for grants (scholarships) given to school students: RON 500 for high achievement grants, RON 200 for merit grants and need-based grants, and RON 150 for study grants.
Romania’s Programme for Schools
Romania’s Programme for Schools provides, free of charge, for preschoolers in authorised/accredited public kindergartens and accredited private kindergartens with a normal 4-hour programme, and also for students in public and private primary and lower secondary education, fresh fruit and vegetables, milk and dairy products and bakery products. In the 2021/2022 school year, the total number of preschoolers and primary and lower secondary students benefiting from the programme was 1 903 851.
Transportation for students
Students who cannot attend school in the locality where they reside are reimbursed for the cost of transportation between their locality and the locality where they attend school throughout the duration of classes. Government Emergency Order No 159/2022 introduced a lump sum for student commuters.
School supplies is a programme for students in public full-time primary and lower secondary education who receive packages with school supplies specific to each grade. In the 2021/2022 school year, the number of beneficiaries was 258 356 students. Order of the education minister 3.783/03.03.2023 approved the maximal prices for school supply packages offered to students, which is RON 65 per package for students in primary education and RON 75 per package for students in lower secondary education. Educational support in the form of social tickets on an electronic medium, where the beneficiaries have the possibility to choose the school supplies for children who attend school. The programme is implemented over two school years and the total number of beneficiaries for whom cards were issued in the amount of RON 500 each is 405 000 children/students from 13 376 educational establishments.
The Ministry of Education continues the reforms in the field of education and training, in view of ensuring an education adapted to the market requirements and focused on personal and social development, with positive impact on the prevention and combating the early school leave.
The quality of the educational act
In February 2022, the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in School Education (ARACIP) was reorganised so as the structure of the collective management body, the ARACIP Council, includes representatives of the Ministry of Education, Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of National Defence, a representative of the Association of Private Schools, a representative of ARACIS (Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), and observatories from students’ associations, unions and parents’ associations.
As concerns the reinforcement of the social package for education, targeting students in groups with particular risks, the Ministry of Education continued its annual national social programmes:
A hot meal programme. The pilot programme offers some real financial support for parents, stimulates students’ participation in the educational process and ensures a fair and non-discriminatory access to quality education for all children and students. Government Extraordinary Decree No 105/2022 approved the continuance of the pilot programme providing food support for preschoolers and students from 450 public schools, for the 2022/2023 school year.
Transportation for students is addressed by actions designed to ensure students’ mobility and the reimbursement of their transport costs. Students who cannot go to school in their locality of residence are reimbursed the costs of transport between their locality and the locality of their school, throughout the duration of classes, from the budget of the Ministry of Education, through their schools, within the limit of 50 km. Moreover, students who live in a boarding school or with a host are reimbursed an amount equal to the value of eight round trips per semester, from the budget of the Ministry of Education, through their schools.
Material support for children with special educational needs (SEN). With Order of the Education Minister No 5150/30.08.2021 on the organisation of admission to high-school for the 2022/2023 school year, distinct places are allocated, in excess to the number of places assigned to the schools concerned, in mainstream schools for the individual integration of students with SEN coming from mainstream education or special education, for their admission to public high-school education.
The national social protection programme money for high-school provides financial support to high-school students to continue/complete their studies. After the adoption of Government Decision No 712/2018, as from the 2018/2019 school year, every beneficiary student receives the monthly amount of RON 250 throughout the duration of classes, provided that the legal conditions are met. Besides the indexation of this amount (from RON 180 per month), the maximum threshold for qualifying for the grant was also raised from RON 150 to RON 500 per family member.
Euro 200 is a national programme intended to support school students and higher education students without means to purchase computers. In 2021, the number of beneficiary school students and higher education students was 2 150.
The programme vocational scholarship is a national social programme addressed to all school students in VET and consists in some monthly financial support benefitting also the children of foreign citizens who are beneficiaries of a form of protection in Romania or the children of foreign citizens with a stay/residence right in the territory of Romania, who are enrolled in VET.
Need-based grants used to be funded, until 2020 inclusively, only from the local budgets of the administrative-territorial units. In 2021, the Government of Romania set, in Government Decision No 1094/2021, a new amount for grants in the 2021/2022 school year, differentially for the first time depending on the type of grants/scholarships, as follows: RON 500 for high-achievement grants, RON 200 for merit-based grants and need-based grants, and RON 150 for study grants.
Romania’s programme for schools provides, for preschoolers in kindergartens with a normal 4-hour programme – public authorised/accredited kindergartens and private accredited kindergartens – and also for students in public and private primary and lower secondary education, for free fresh fruit and vegetables, milk and dairy and bakery products, within the limit of a daily amount per preschooler/student. The programme also provides for funding some educational measures accompanying the distribution of fruit, vegetables, milk and dairy products.
School supplies are offered to students to encourage them to attend school. At the beginning of each school year, packages with specific school supplies are distributed to every class of students under the programme school supplies.
The educational support granted based on social tickets in an electronic medium is provided by Government Extraordinary Decree No 133/2020, whereby preschoolers and primary and lower secondary students from low-income families benefit from social tickets for educational support, each ticket in the amount of RON 500.
Professionalisation of the teaching career – PROF
In the framework of educational intervention related to the curriculum, with the systemic project Professionalisation of the teaching career – PROF, based on Order of the education minister No 4800/2022, subject curricula in the category of school-based curriculum were approved for high-school education. The project pilots the subject curriculum “Digital education and media skills” (school-based curriculum – high-school, grades 9-12) in all schools from pedagogical training bases, and the subject curricula “Inclusive education and the development of critical thinking” (school-based curriculum – high-school, grades 9-10) and “Metacognitive strategies” (school-based curriculum – high-school, grade 10) - in pedagogical schools from pedagogical training base consortia. For the 2022/2023 school year, the National Centre for Policies and Assessment in Education (CNPEE), through its Curriculum Development Service and with support from the Unit for Research in Education, in partnership with the National Centre for the Development of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (CNDIPT), coordinated the compilation of the collection Methodological landmarks for the implementation of the grade 10 curriculum in the 2022/2023 school year. The Ministry of Education published a collection of educational resources composed of 86 distinct resources, as PDF files.
Relevant curriculum, open education for all – CRED
With the project Relevant curriculum, open education for all – CRED, methodological support was provided for the implementation of subject curricula in primary and lower secondary education, and the project continued the development of 18 methodological guides for the implementation of school curricula for primary and lower-secondary education, the methodological guide Creation of formal and non-formal contexts for learning at school and out of school, the guide on Curriculum management and the Good practice guide with examples of learning activities conducted with students at risk of school dropout from disadvantaged communities. Furthermore, piloting activities in connection with curricular adjustment strategies have continued in 25 pilot schools located in disadvantaged communities, which involved about 170 teachers and 2 500 students at risk of absenteeism and school dropout.
The ROSE Project regarding the Secondary Education
ME implements, in the period 2015-2022, the project on secondary education - ROSE, (Romania Secondary Education Project) financed by the Loan Agreement concluded between Romania and IBRD in 2015, ratified by Law.
The activities dedicated to school education include funds given to low performing high-schools, based on a grant scheme, to reduce the school dropout rate, increase the high-school graduation rate and improve performance at the Baccalaureate Examination.
The main actions which may receive grants are:
- remedial, counselling, guidance and vocational guidance activities and personal development activities (at least 50% of the direct costs)
- extracurricular and information activities, such as research visits/trips, traineeships, participation in competitions and creation of school networks (up to 30% of the direct costs)
- minor civil engineering works for renovation, interior design of school buildings (for example: laboratories), with no negative impact on the environment, and the procurement of goods (up to 20% of the direct costs).
The project ROSE provides funding for bridge summer programmes, competitive grants for public faculties to help them deliver courses or other relevant activities for high-school students, primarily for the disadvantaged ones, offering them an academic experience intended to make them familiar with the academic worlds and initiate the early development of relevant skills for being successful in university education.
Development of a network of green schools
The Ministry of Education has launched the call for proposals, funded under the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP): Development of a network of green schools and the purchase of green minibuses (I 10-R6. Update of the legislative framework to ensure ecologic standards for design, construction and furnishing in the school education system). The objective of this investment is to ensure the sustainability of school education establishments through their transition to green schools and green mobility (electric minibuses). In order to ensure the transition to a sustainable educational system, the Ministry of Education will initiate the development of a network of sustainable, environment-friendly schools. 300 000 m2 of school areas will benefit from structural changes to ensure their durability (thermal insulation, solar panels, planning green areas, selective collection) and 46 400 m2 of new green schools will be built.
Modernising the material foundation
The objective of the project Safer, inclusive and sustainable schools, taking place in the period December 2021 – June 2027, is to modernise the school infrastructure, by rehabilitating, reinforcing and/or building schools, which were selected, in a first phase, from the areas with the highest seismic risk in Romania, so as to ensure safer and improved learning environments for students and teachers and increase institutional capacity to invest in sustainable educational infrastructure. So far, in this project, technical expertise has been completed for the 23 schools in the first allotment and procurement procedures have been launched for design services for 20 schools from the first allotment.
Reduce early school leaving.
Early warning mechanism in education (MATE)
The schools with a high school dropout risk were supported using the methodology and the tool an early warning mechanism in education (MATE) for the allocation of financial resources in the 2021/2022 school year to implement investment I4 from the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP). The Ministry of Education undertook actions to prepare the allocation of grants to 750 schools scheduled for round 1, inviting eligible schools to show their interest in participating in the programme, publishing for consultation the Applicant’s Guide for non-competitive projects, organising webinars to inform institutions that are interested and providing answers to frequent questions about the call, published on the website of the Ministry of Education.
Motivated teachers in disadvantaged schools
The programme Motivated teachers in disadvantaged schools – intends to support financially the best mechanisms responding to the need to systemically include new educational measures/ programmes that ensure an improvement in the quality of education and fair access to education. This call supported interventions concerned with the needs of educational staff in public schools enrolling children with a high educational risk, so as to ensure quality in education and school inclusion. The number of members of the teaching staff/support staff who improved their level of competences in the framework of this call is 6 641.
School for all
The interventions supported with the Human Capital Operational Programme call for proposals POCU/74/6/18 – School for all – funded under the Priority axis 6 Education and competences, aimed to reduce and prevent early school dropout and promote equal access to quality preschool, primary and secondary education, including to formal, non-formal and informal learning routes, for reintegration into education and training. Out of 129 contracted projects, 19 are in course of implementation.
Measures promoted to support students displaced from Ukraine
One of the main priorities of the Ministry of Education concerning the students displaced from Ukraine was to take legislative and administrative measures as quickly as possible to ensure their access to kindergartens and schools under the same conditions as for Romanian children.
To enable their integration into the Romanian education system, displaced Ukrainian children have access to programmes for learning Romanian and to extracurricular activities taking place in schools and in the settings established in children’s palaces and clubs. Their participation in extracurricular activities is not conditional on school attendance as audients.
Displaced Ukrainian children are eligible for all social support programmes and they are also offered scholarships, free accommodation at school, transportation, emergency medical assistance or goods for personal use. Displaced Ukrainian children benefit from psychological support and counselling. Moreover, the obligation to sit for the national examination for progressing from lower secondary to upper secondary education was dropped in order to facilitate even more their right to education. To reinforce its response to the Ukrainian crisis, Romania adopted a national plan of measures on the protection and inclusion of people displaced from Ukraine benefiting from temporary protection in Romania which focuses, besides emergency response measures, on protection measures in the medium and long term. For this purpose, the measures stipulated for the field of education aim to facilitate the integration of Ukrainian children for continuing their education, provide the necessary human resources, as well as the resources necessary for the teaching-learning and assessment process.
In cooperation with UNICEF, the Romanian Ministry of Education has recently developed a platform which will facilitate the collection of data about the Ukrainian children enrolled in Romanian schools. The platform will also provide information about the requirements of the Romanian schools enrolling Ukrainian children. With support from local authorities, educational hubs have been established in several schools in the country, which make it possible for displaced Ukrainian children to benefit from educational activities in Ukrainian using the platforms made available by the Ukrainian Ministry of Education.
The Ministry of Education (ME) continues the reforms in the field of education and training, in view of ensuring an education adapted to the market requirements and focused on personal and social development, with positive impact on the prevention and combating the early school leave.
The context of the COVID-19 pandemic
From the perspective of mitigating the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, ME has applied several concrete steps in all four of its sector strategies. These measures will be reflected in the 2020 Integrated Report on the four strategies, which is under preparation phase. An implementation report for the entire period 2015-2020 covered by the four sectoral strategies will be available by late 2021.
Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, in order to help closing the achievement gaps and to support the design of teaching activities in the school year 2020-2021, implementing regulation on school subjects were developed and made available online (See the online platform). The Education Research Unit prepared the research report Distance Learning. Research on the educational activities carried out in Romania, during the suspension of face-to-face learning. This study aimed at finding respondents’ perceptions and opinions on the access, conduct, and attendance in distance learning activities, support needs and priority areas for intervention by central and local authorities, as well as proposals to increase the efficiency of the organization of the distance learning).
Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, GEO No 144/2020 put in place a legal framework to equip students with mobile IT equipment and medical protection items in order to ensuring the minimum hygienic-sanitary conditions in public pre-university educational establishments lacking connection to the water & sewerage network.
Also, in this pandemic context, the School at Home national programme is implemented, by ministerial order (for which the Order of the Education and Research Minister no. 4738/2020) approved the necessary number of electronic devices with an internet connection, as well as the criteria for the distribution of the devices purchased in the programme to primary, lower secondary and upper secondary students in full-time education (i.e. the preparatory grade, grades 1-12, the vocational school). Thus, in December 2020, the delivery of 250,000 tablets, 10,000 webcams and 22,000 laptops allocated was completed.
Government Decision no. 756/2020 has approved the National Programme Safe Education which provides for allocations from the Budget Reserve Fund at the Government’s disposal. By 1 April 2021, through this programme, 39,149 tablets, 4,698 webcams and 3,109 computers (desktop, all-in-one, laptop) were purchased.
Efforts are made to modernise the school curriculum for primary, secondary, high school, VET and TVET routes. The draft curriculum framework for the high school – theoretical studies, VET, and TVET routes - were developed and published for public consultation held by the end of January 2021.
In the school year 2021-2022, school curricula for special preschool education, primary and lower-secondary (gymnasium) education will be developed/ revised, in accordance with the related curriculum framework, approved by MO No 3622/2018.
In the project CRED - Relevant Curriculum, Education Open to All, several documents was approved:
Milestones for the design, updating and evaluation of the National Curriculum.
Methodology on the development of the school-based curriculum.
The CRED project also produced a series of studies and reports relevant to updating curriculum approaches, such as:
Report on the school-based curriculum and the current regulatory framework.
Comparative analysis of the European recommendations on key competences.
Through the CRED project, in the period 2021-2022, the following activities are to be completed:
reviewing the methodology of the Second Chance programme
elaboration of specific school curricula for the Second Chance programme for primary and lower-secondary education (including the related framework)
elaboration and publication of implementing regulations for the different study subjects in primary and lower-secondary education (18 completed guidelines – 15 Implementing regulations for the application of new school curricula in primary and lower-secondary education, guidelines on curriculum management for school principals/ inspectors and guidelines on open educational resources development and evaluation)
development of open educational resources (OER) and other relevant resources to support the implementation of the new school curricula (7,200 OERs are to be completed by 14 August 2022 i.e. the project end date)
20 model curricula for integrated optional subjects (including Second Chance)
a baseline study on the assessment of the competences of 4th grade graduates, from the perspective of acquiring key competencies, especially for pupils from disadvantaged groups.
The quality of the educational act
In order to increase the quality of pre-university education, for a complete configuration of a data collection and processing mechanism by ME, the Human Resources module was developed within the Integrated Information System of Education in Romania (SIIIR). SIIIR has also been set up to collect data on students’ and teachers’ access to Internet-connected devices, as well as to collect data on face-to-face learning suspension timeframes. SIIIR benefits from new attributes related to students. Currently, the Financial Data module of SIIIR is being tested in 16 counties and is to be applied, at national level, by the end of 2021, following the training of its future users.
In order to improve the management tools of quality education were approved:
Institutional evaluation methodology for the authorization, accreditation and regular evaluation of the educational organizations.
The updated standards for authorization, accreditation and regular external evaluation in pre-university education.
Under the new legislation, internal and external evaluation of the quality of education will focus on key factors that: improve school attendance, learning outcomes and the well-being of the child/ young person, as well as on the capacity of teachers, school managers and the community in relation to the above factors, but also on the communication and cooperation with all stakeholders, equity in education provision, combating discrimination, school segregation and bullying, and the promotion of social inclusion and interculturality.
The ROSE Project regarding the Secondary Education
ME implements, in the period 2015-2022, the project on secondary education - ROSE, (Romania Secondary Education Project) financed by the Loan Agreement concluded between Romania and IBRD on 2015, ratified by Law.
The project aims to reduce dropout in upper secondary education and the first academic year of tertiary education and to increase the success rate of students at the Baccalaureate exam, with the following expected results:
a reduced school dropout rate in the final grades of high schools supported through the project,
a decreased the percentage of high schools with school dropout over 7%,
an increased graduation rate and success rate of students at the Baccalaureate exam in the high schools supported by the project, and
increased retention rate in the first academic year in the faculties supported by the project.
ROSE supports the transition of students from the upper secondary education system to tertiary education, using a decentralized approach, based on individual grants to high schools.
874 grants are being implemented and propose activities aimed at achieving the above-mentioned objectives, which include:
counseling, and career guidance,
coaching, personal development and development of socio-emotional skills, as well as
extracurricular and information activities (visits/ excursions, training courses, participation in competitions and the formation of interscholastic networks).
To support the increase of the quality of teaching and learning activities in the high schools benefiting from ROSE grants, for each of them a mentor was assigned to support the pedagogical team in improving the teaching approaches and practices with focus on student, and the ability to adapt the school curriculum to the student’ needs and skills.
Five pedagogical guidelines for high schools were developed and made available to all stakeholders on the ROSE project website:
guidelines for inclusive education,
guidelines for remedial and tutoring activities,
guidelines for counselling and career guidance,
guidelines for development socio-emotional skills,
guidelines for personal development and coaching.
Regarding the strengthening of the social package in education, targeting pupils and students from groups facing particular risks, ME continues to run its annual national social programmes such as Money for High School, Euro 200 or Hot Meal for students.
Money for High-School (the programme is intended to give a monthly scholarship (allowance) for students from economic and social disadvantaged backgrounds to help them continue their studies after having completed lower secondary education),
A Hot Meal for Students (the Pilot programme to provide food support for preschoolers and students in 150 public school education establishments).
the programme School Supplies
The implementation Romanian School Programme has continued. This programme provides free fresh fruit and vegetables, milk, dairy and bakery products for all children in kindergartens and students in public and private primary and lower secondary education.
In order to ensure the inclusion of children with special educational needs (SEN) and to ensure compliance of the Romanian education system with the requirements of the international legal framework on the rights of persons with disabilities, the admission schedule in state high school education for the school year 2021-2022 includes a section on admission to mainstreaming high school education of SEN applicants.
With reference to of the access of Roma students to high school, in the school year 2020-2021 the admission of candidates for special vacancies for Roma in public high school and vocational/ dual VET education was organized.
The project Early Warning Mechanism to Prevent Early School Leaving aims to monitor, prevent and combat early school leaving. This project is implemented with the support of World Bank experts. Currently, the project is in the pilot testing phase in 11 schools from 10 counties throughout Romania. The national Integrated Education Information System (SIIIR) has been completed with a new IT module to be integrated in SIIIR and which will allow the collection of data and information necessary to monitor the risk of early school leaving. Pilot testing involves collecting data from 467 schools with students from vulnerable groups in the 10 counties targeted. We aim at extending the project at national level, through NRRP.
In order to reduce and prevent early school leaving and promote equal access to quality pre-school, primary and secondary education, projects under two competitive calls for proposals that are under implemented as follows:
School for All - which promotes integrated measures to prevent and reduce early school leaving for young and adult schoolchildren, to support teaching staff, including through Second Chance and School after School programmes.
Motivated teachers in disadvantaged schools is a call targeting the most disadvantaged schools, who have many children at risk of dropping out and which fail to attract or retain qualified teachers.