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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
First Cycle Programmes


7.Higher Education

7.2First Cycle Programmes

Last update: 27 November 2023

Two kinds of first-cycle programmes exist:

  1. The professional bachelor’s programme;
  2. The university bachelor’s programme.

The professional bachelor’s programme

University colleges offer professional bachelor’s programmes, which are professionally oriented, qualifying higher education programmes that combine theoretical studies with a practically oriented approach in the form of compulsory work placement.

The professional bachelor’s degree is awarded after 180-240 ECTS credit-points, corresponding to three to four and a half years of study.

Professional bachelor’s programmes are offered at a level corresponding to that of a university bachelor’s programme, but with a stronger focus on professional practice.

There are approximately 85 professional bachelor’s programmes in the following fields:

  • Healthcare;
  • Pedagogy;
  • Business and economics;
  • Media and communication;
  • Social sciences;
  • Design;
  • Information technology;
  • Technology.

The university bachelor’s programme

Universities offer university bachelor’s programmes, which are research-based programmes that provide the students with a broad academic foundation as well as specialist knowledge combined with theoretical, applied and analytical skills.

The university bachelor’s degree is awarded after 180 ECTS credit-points corresponding to three years of study.

The university bachelor’s programme qualifies students for occupational functions and for postgraduate studies.

The universities offer university bachelor’s programmes in the scientific disciplines:

  • Humanities;
  • Natural sciences;
  • Social sciences;
  • Law;
  • Theology;
  • Health sciences;
  • Technical studies;
  • IT.

For more information on the two programmes, please visit 7.2.1 Bachelor.



Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2021: The University Bachelor's degree and the Master's degree. [Accessed 14 September 2023]

Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2022: Professional bachelor programmes. [Accessed 14 September 2023]