Teaching staff is composed of
- teaching staff with teaching roles
- auxiliary teaching staff
- teaching staff with management, guidance and control roles.
The management positions in school education are as follows:
- management positions in schools:
- headteacher (director)
- deputy headteacher (director adjunct)
- management positions in school inspectorates:
- general school inspector (inspector şcolar general)
- deputy general school inspector (inspector şcolar general adjunct).
Management positions in related establishments of school education (unităţi conexe ale învăţământului preuniversitar) are determined depending on their specificity through regulations of the Ministry of Education.
The positions of headteacher and deputy headteacher can be occupied based on a public competition, consisting in a written test and an interview, by teachers with tenure who are members of the national body of educational management experts. By way of exception from the legislative provisions in force, teachers with tenure who are not experts in educational management may participate in the national competition for headteacher/deputy headteacher positions if they meet the following conditions:
- they hold a bachelor's degree or an equivalence certificate, and
- their length of service in education is of 5 years at least.
The national competition for occupying headteacher and deputy headteacher positions in schools is coordinated by the Ministry of Education and is organised through the school inspectorates in accordance with a specific methodology. The methodology is developed by the Ministry of Education and is adopted by an order of the education minister. The methodology refers generally to educational establishments (schools), which means: public educational establishments (public schools), including preschool and/or ante-preschool educational establishments, special education establishments, school centres for inclusive education, centres for excellence, school sport clubs, children’s palaces and clubs, as well as county centres for educational assistance and resources/ Bucharest Centre for Educational Assistance and Resources (CJRAE/CMBRAE). In the competition for headteacher/deputy headteacher positions, representatives of the main unions in the school education sector and a representative of parents participate as observers by law.
The positions of general inspector and deputy general inspector can be occupied by teachers with tenure who are members of the national body of educational management experts and hold the title of doctor (PhD) or the teaching degree I. By way of exception from the legal provisions in force, teachers with tenure who are not experts in educational management may participate in the national competition for management positions in school inspectorates if they meet the following conditions:
- they hold a bachelor's degree, and
- they hold the title of doctor (PhD) or the teaching degree I.
A competition is organised for these positions. The competition consists in a written test and an interview in accordance with a methodology developed by the Ministry of Education and approved by a ministerial order. The competition for general school inspector and deputy general school inspector positions takes place at the Ministry of Education. The boards of these competitions include, as observers, representatives of the main unions in the field of education. The conditions and requirements for management positions in school inspectorates are similar to those for directors (directors) of in-service teacher training centres (casele corpului didactic).
The guidance and control positions in school education are:
- guidance and control positions in school inspectorates:
- school inspector (school inspector)
- guidance and control positions in the Ministry of Education:
- general inspector (inspector general)
- specialty principal inspector (inspector principal de specialitate)
- other positions defined by a governmental decision.
Guidance and control positions in school inspectorates can be occupied based on a competition by teachers who are members of the national body of experts. By way of exception from the legal provisions in force, teachers with tenure who are not experts in educational management may participate in the national competition for occupying guidance and control positions in school inspectorates if they hold a bachelor degree and the teaching degree I or II. The board of the competition for guidance and control positions in school inspectorates is composed of:
- the general school inspector, as chair
- a representative of the Ministry of Education
- a professor or a university reader with the profile of the position concerned.
The structure of school inspectorates in those counties where education is also delivered in languages of national minorities also includes school inspectors for this type of education. These school inspectors are appointed in accordance with the methodology for the organisation of the competition for school inspector positions in school inspectorates and in consultation with the parliamentary group of the national minorities concerned.
The structure of school inspectorates also includes school inspectors for issues of children and young people from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds.
Guidance and control positions in the Ministry of Education are occupied based on a competition. The competition consists in:
- a curriculum vitae, which is analysed and evaluated.
- a special classroom inspection
- a practical test, consisting in classroom audience, analysis of lessons and an inspection report.
- an interview before a board on matters of educational management and professional deontology; and
- a written test in the profile of the position concerned.
The board for the competition for guidance and control positions in the Ministry of Education is composed of:
- the state secretary of the department where the position in the competition is offered, as chair
- the general director of that department
- a professor or a university reader with the same profile as that of the position concerned, appointed by the education minister.
Representatives of the main unions in the education field are entitled to access to the documents of the boards.
There are two types of teaching staff in school education:
- teaching staff (personal didactic)
- auxiliary teaching staff (personal didactic auxiliar).
Auxiliary teaching staff is composed of:
- librarians, documentarists, editors
- laboratory workers
- school pedagogues
- out-of-school education instructors
- social assistants
- school mediators
- financial administrators (accountants)
- asset administrators
- beginner referees, referees, beginner specialty referees, specialty referees – only for non-university education and training establishments under the Ministry of National Defence
- auditors, legal advisers, counsellors, experts and referees in county school inspectorates/ Bucharest School Inspectorate.
Management positions in higher education are as follows:
- rector, vice-rectors, general administrative director, deputy general administrative director – at university level
- dean, vice-deans – at faculty level
- department director – at department level; and
- extension director, at university extension level.
These are positions in the teaching domain and they do not involve any public power prerogatives. According to the law, the process for setting up and electing management structures and positions at university, faculty and department levels should comply with the principle of representativeness by faculty, department, teaching sections, programmes of study, as appropriate, and is set out in the University Charter. For confessional universities, the persons elected for management positions should have the approval of the founding cult. Teachers in these structures and positions should be teachers with tenure in the higher education institution concerned. Candidates should be distinguishable due to their professional, managerial and moral qualities and hold high teaching positions in the academic hierarchy.