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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Funding in education


3.Funding in education

Last update: 27 November 2023

According to the provisions of the Law of National Education (Law 1/2011), Art.8, a minimum of 6% of the GDP of the year in question is allotted annually from the state budget and from the budgets of the local authorities in order to finance national education. The educational institutions may also get and use their own income.

The state provides basic finance for all preschool children and pupils attending compulsory state, private and accredited religious education. The state also provides basic finance for the accredited vocational and high school state, private and religious education, as well as for state post high-school education. They shall be financed on the basis and within the limits of the standard cost per pupil or per preschool child, according to the methodology set by the Ministry of Education.

Public education is free of charge, in compliance with the law. 

The Ministry of Education, through its specialized body, sets the annual standard cost per pupil or preschooler, on which the fundamental financing is based. All pupils and preschoolers attending public preuniversity education, as well as private compulsory pupils and preschoolers attending general compulsory education, vocational, high-school, private and religious education, accredited and regularly assessed educational institutions benefit from the amount in question, in compliance with the applicable law.


According to the provisions of the Law of National Education (Law 1/2011), the public high education system is free, for the amount of students approved by the government, and charged, in the limits of the Law.

The education in the higher education system is free of charge, in the limit of the positions allocated each year by the Government, the rest of the positions being available by paying the tuition. The amount of the respective tax is set by the University Senate, in compliance with the law. The higher education institutions have autonomy in deciding the quantum of the tuition taxes have the obligation to inform all the interested people on this subject, including on the university site.

Education may be financed directly by business entities, as well as by other natural or legal persons, in compliance with the law. Education may be supported through scholarships, study loans, taxes, donations, sponsorships, own sources, and other legal sources.