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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
First-cycle programmes


7.Higher education

7.2First-cycle programmes

Last update: 27 March 2024

In a system of consecutive qualifications, the Bachelor is the first higher education qualification providing qualification for a profession and the standard qualification for study undertaken at a higher education institution. In the 2022/2023 winter semester, universities and equivalent institutions of higher education, Fachhochschulen/Hochschulen für angewandte Wissenschaften as well as colleges of art and music collectively offered just less than 9,500 different courses of study leading to the Bachelor’s degree.

The following designations are used for Bachelor’s degrees:

  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.)
  • Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.)

The following designations are used for Bachelor’s degrees at colleges of art and music:

  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.)
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Music (B.Mus.)

The following designation is used for Bachelor’s degrees acquired in teacher training courses conveying the educational prerequisites for teaching positions:

  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)