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Statistics on educational institutions


2.Organisation and governance

2.8Statistics on educational institutions

Last update: 27 November 2023

This section provides the most recent available data on the number of educational institutions from pre-primary to post-secondary non-tertiary education level (ISCED levels 0-4). Statistics on numbers and characteristics of higher education institutions can be found in the European Tertiary Education Register. A general overview of the categories of institutions providing publicly-subsidised adult education and training can be found in the chapter on adult education. The notes below the tables provide methodological explanations necessary for a good interpretation of data.

Statistics on educational institutions providing regular education

Type of educational institution in English (and in national language)

ISCED levels providedMain orientation of the programmes provided​Number of educational institutions


PublicGovernment-dependent privatePrivate independent
Pre-school childcare institution (koolieelne lasteasutus)0(-)61856355(-)
Pre-school/Primary school (lasteaed-algkool)0,1(-)19811(-)
Primary school (algkool)1(-)37352(-)
Basic school (põhikool)1,2G21219022(-)
Pre-school/Basic school (lastead-põhikool)0,1,2G89845(-)
Upper secondary school (keskkool/gümnaasium)1,2,3G13312013(-)
Upper secondary school (keskkool/gümnaasium)0,1,2,3G312(-)
Upper secondary school (keskkool/gümnaasium)3G24231(-)
Vocational education institution (kutseõppeasutus)2,3,4V743(-)
Vocational education institution (kutseõppeasutus)3V26260(-)

Source: Estonian Ministry of Education and Research (Haridus- ja Teadusministeerium). Education database HaridusSilm, 2019 (last accessed 10/12/2019) 

ISCED= International Standard Classification of Education

G= GeneralV= Vocational
(:) Data not available(-) Not applicable

The 2018 version of the Unesco/OECD/Eurostat Manual on concepts, definitions and classification can be consulted for the definitions of regular education (p.10); general and vocational programmes of education (p.19); as well as public institution, government-dependent private institution and private independent institution (pp. 24-26)


  1. Legal entity approach was used to collect data.
  2. 39 educational institutions (32 public, 7 private) providing special needs education at ISCED levels 0,1,2,3 are included in the total number of institutions. 5 of them (2 private) operate at ISCED levels 0,1,2; 31 (5 private) at ISCED 1,2; 2 at ISCED 1,2,3 and one at ISCED 0,1,2,3.