Skip to main content
European Commission logo
EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Funding in education

Portugal

3.Funding in education

Last update: 27 November 2023

The Ministry of Education defines educational policies, coordinates their implementation and, as its main financer, ensures the smooth running of the educational system. Other ministries, the Autonomous Regions and municipalities also contribute towards funding.

The Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education is responsible for the higher education policies and funding.

The Ministry of Education finances its central and regional departments, as well as public education institutions, from the state budget.

It also subsidises private and cooperative basic and upper secondary education, according to the terms stipulated in the Private and Cooperative Education Statute.

These were the education budgets for 2021:

Pre-school, Basic and Upper Secondary Education

Areas of expenditureRunning CostsInvestmentTotal
1.Pre-school, Basic and Upper Secondary Education

 € 5 712 815 742 

€ 314 266 845 

 € 6 027 082 587

2.Special Education

€ 301 256 503

 

€ 301 256 503

3.Youth education and training

€ 377 973 241

 

€ 377 973 241 

4.Adult education and training

€ 50 992 523

 

€ 50 992 523 

5. School social action

€ 208 277 019

 

€ 208 277 019

6.Educational supplements

€ 29 416 833

 

€ 29 416 833

7.Young people and Sport

€ 82 428 678

 € 9 308 632

€ 91 737 310

8.Overseen Administration and Services

€ 96 704 971

€ 385 971 

€ 97 090 942 

Total Non-Higher Education

 € 6 859 865 510

€ 323 961 448

€ 7 183 826 958

    

Source: 2021 Budget, Institute for Financial Management of Education (Instituto de Gestão Financeira da Educação - IGeFE)

These figures refer only to the budget managed by central educational administration services and does not consider those amounts allocated to educational activities by the Autonomous Regions (Azores and Madeira), other ministries or by municipalities which are included in other categories of the state budget.

Science, Technology and Higher Education

Areas of expenditure

Running Costs

Project Costs

Total

1. Science

€ 27 920 457

€ 488 925 950

€ 516 846 407

2. Higher Education

€ 2 032 161 318

€ 30 405 836

€ 2 062 567 154

3. Social action

€ 196 457 818

 

€ 196 457 818

4. Support services

€ 5 339 590 8

 

€ 5 339 590

Total 

€ 2 261 879 182

€ 519 331 787

€ 2 781 210 969

Source: Instituto de Gestão Financeira da Educação - IGeFE, CG - 2021

N.B.: The expenditure on "social assistance" includes the amounts established in the respective budget.

The European Commission has also funded education in Portugal through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the European Social Fund (ESF).

Madeira and Azores receive transfers from the Government's budget to finance education in the respective regions, with the exception of higher education.  

In 2022, due to rising inflation and the cost of living crisis, the 23rd Constitutional Government provided families with extraordinary financial support for those with income and those receiving social benefit for families (EUR 125 per parent or guardian), young people and children (50 euros), launched as part of the Famílias Primeiro ("Families First") programme. Later, other extraordinary support (EUR 240) was allocated to families receiving minimum benefits or beneficiaries of the social electricity tariff.