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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Political, social and economic background and trends


1.Political, social and economic background and trends

Last update: 6 March 2024

In Finland, there is a widespread consensus across political parties on the importance and approach to education and training. Therefore, educational strategies and medium-term plans remain consistent, even with changes in government. Consequently, the development of education is assumed to continue in a stable and predictable way. 

One of the basic principles of Finnish education is ensuring equal access to high-quality education and training for everyone, regardless of ethnic background, age, financial status, or location. This commitment to equality is a fundamental value in Finland. This basic principle is realised in that education is free at all levels, from early childhood education to higher education. Instead of relying on inspections, Finland focuses on guiding educational institutions towards quality, emphasizing steering over control.