Students attending a higher education have three different options to choose from if they want to study abroad:
Degree programmes: The student completes a full educational programme and gains a diploma or degree
Exchange programmes: The student typically completes a 4-6 months course or work placement abroad. The course/work placement is a part of the student’s Danish educational programme. The exchange is either organised through programmes such as bilateral agreements, Erasmus etc. or organised on the student’s own initiative.
Short-term study programmes and summer schools: The student completes single courses abroad within their field of study and have the opportunity to earn credits to the Danish educational programme.
There are no national targets for outward or incoming student mobility in Denmark. The individual Danish higher education institution and a foreign higher education institution make agreements concerning exchange programmes and short-term study programmes.
Financial support for studies abroad
Danish students are entitled to public support in the form of the State Educational Grant and Loan Scheme (SU) when they study abroad if a course meets the same conditions for recognition as Danish courses. Foreign students are also entitled to public support when studying in Denmark or abroad if the Danish Agency for Institutions and Educational Grants assesses that they should have the same rights as a Danish citizen.
The Danish state offers scholarships to students who want to take their master degree abroad. The scholarships cover a part of or the whole tuition fee. Furthermore, the higher educational institutions also have the opportunity to grant minor scholarships to students’ exchange stay. Additionally, many Danish private funds support students’ studies abroad.
Mobility programmes for students
A central part of Erasmus+ is to support the mobility of students. The programme provides mobility opportunities for students at Academy, Bachelor, Master and Doctoral levels. Since Denmark is a programme country in Erasmus+, students at Danish higher education institutions can follow or complete courses abroad with a duration of 3-12 months. When the exchange is over, the Danish higher education institution recognises the credits the students have received. Work placement with a duration of 2 to 12 months is another way for the students to spend a part of the education abroad.
Nordplus videregående focuses on higher education. The Nordic countries Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, as well as the autonomous areas the Faroe Island, Greenland and Aland, and the Baltic countries Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia participate in the programme. The purpose of the programme is to strengthen the mobility and network cooperation between the participating countries, higher education institutions and other organisations that work with higher education.
The programme supports two kinds of activities relating to student mobility:
Student exchange and work placement abroad with a duration of 1 to 12 months.
Express mobility which is a short exchange stay.
The Danish Agency for Science and Higher Education promotes and supports the programme.
The Cultural Agreement Programme
The Cultural Agreement Programme is a bilateral scholarship programme. At present Denmark has bilateral agreements with Brazil, China, Egypt, Israel, Japan, South Korea, Russia and Turkey.
The programme supports Danish students’ long-term exchange and foreign students’ participation in summer courses in the Danish language and Danish culture at higher education institutions.
The Danish Agency for Science and Higher Education promotes and supports the programme.
The Danish-American Fulbright Commission offers scholarships and guidance to Danish and American students and researchers. The Commission’s purpose is to create a mutual cultural understanding through academic exchanges in higher education. The Danish and American state's budget fund the Commissions work.
Assessment of foreign degrees
The assessment and validation of foreign diplomas, degrees or certificates takes place in various ways.
Students, who do not have a Danish general upper secondary education, are eligible for admission to a Danish higher education programme if they fulfil three kinds of requirements:
General access requirements: Qualifications comparable with a Danish upper secondary school certificate.
Specific access requirements: Requirements applying to the specific higher education programme – typically it includes a certain level of grades and a particular subject combination in upper secondary school.
Language requirements: Certain education programmes require sufficient knowledge in Danish or English.
Students can apply for an official assessment of their qualifications at the Danish Agency for Science and Higher Education. The agency’s assessment briefly states what the qualifications correspond to in Denmark. However, the assessment is only a guideline for the higher education institutions when processing an application for admission.
If a Danish student wants to study or work abroad, the rules of the country in question applies.
Academic Staff Mobility
The mobility options for academic staff are either through bilateral culture agreements or through the mobility programmes: Erasmus+ and Nordplus Videregående.
There are no national mobility targets for outgoing or incoming academic staff in Denmark It is up to the individual higher education institution to decide on issues such as salary, social security, housing etc. for its academic staff. The institutions are also responsible for monitoring participation rates and analysing the impact of programmes.
Mobility programmes for academic staff
The Erasmus+ programme provides exchange possibilities for the academic staff at Danish higher education institutions so they can teach at a higher education institution or train in a company in one of the other programme countries. The duration of the stay must not exceed 2 months and it is required that the teacher teach a minimum of 8 hours per week.
Nordplus Videregående also supports the following types of activities relating to academic staff mobility:
Establishment of networks.
Joint study programmes.
Exchange in the form of either teaching, tutoring or development of teaching materials.
Intensive courses with the duration between one week and a month.
The lectureship programme
The purpose of the Lecturer Scheme is to provide and enhance knowledge about the Danish language, Danish literature and Danish society abroad.
The Lecturer Scheme supports over 80 locally employed researchers and lecturers on 70 different international universities all over the world. Furthermore, 27 foreign universities have employed lecturers, recommended by the Danish Lecturer’s Committee, who teach students in and about the Danish language.
The Danish Agency for Science and Higher Education administers the Lecturer Scheme.
European Commission, 2015. Frequently Asked Questions for Students and Staff. [Online] Available at:https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/erasmus-plus/resources/documents/frequently-asked-questions-students-and-staff_en [Accessed 23 April 2019].
European Commission, 2019. Hvad er Erasmus+? (What is Erasmus+?). [Online] Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/erasmus-plus/about_da [Accessed 23 April 2019].
European Commission, 2019. Videregående uddannelser (Higher Education). [Online] Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/erasmus-plus/opportunities/individuals/staff-teaching/higher-education_da[Accessed 30 April 2019].
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Internationale universitetsstudier, 2018. Udlandsstipendium til uddannelse i udlandet (Educational Grants for Studying Abroad). [Online] Available at: https://edu-danmark.dk/universiteter/finansiering/udlandsstipendium [Accessed 23 April 2019].
The Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2018. Application Forms for Assessment of Your Foreign Qualifications. [Online] Available at: https://ufm.dk/en/education/recognition-and-transparency/get-assessment [Accessed 26 April 2019].
The Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2018. Fulbright. [Online] Available at: https://ufm.dk/uddannelse/tilskud-til-udveksling-og-internationale-projekter/fulbright/den-dansk-amerikanske-fulbright-kommission [Accessed 30 April 2019].
Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2018. The Long-Term Scholarships. [Online] Available at: https://ufm.dk/en/education/programmes-supporting-cooperation-and-mobility/the-cultural-agreements-programme/the-long-term-scholarships [Accessed 23 April 2019].
The Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2018. Tilskud til udveksling og international projekter (Grants to Exchange Programmes and International Projects). [Online] Available at: https://ufm.dk/uddannelse/tilskud-til-udveksling-og-internationale-projekter [Accessed 27 June 2018].
The Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2019. Admission to higher education for holders of foreign qualifications. [Online] Available at: https://ufm.dk/en/education/recognition-and-transparency/recognition-guide/admission-he [Accessed 26 April 2019].
The Ministry of Higher Education and Science, 2019.Betingelser for at få tilskud til studieafgifter (Conditions Regarding Grants for Tuition Fees). [Online] Available at: http://www.su.dk/udland/betingelser-for-su-til-en-hel-uddannelse-i-udlandet/betingelser-for-at-faa-tilskud-til-studieafgifter/ [Accessed 23 April 2019].