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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Educational Support and Guidance


12.Educational Support and Guidance

Last update: 17 June 2024

The support and promotion of disadvantaged people is an important concern of education and labour market policy in Austria. The measures taken in this area aim to create more equality of opportunities so that all people can participate in economic and social prosperity.

Relevant (legal) provision for special educational needs:

The following laws deal with equal opportunities in terms of school education and professional integration of disabled people:

In addition, the Austrian Federal Government has developed strategies for equal opportunities and to balance out educational disadvantages. The most important are:

This results in a range of educational counselling offers and support measures for different target groups:

  • In the field of elementary education, against the background of intensifying early language support for 4-year-olds in elementary educational institutions, holistic support is being pursued, especially in the educational language German, in order to make it easier for children to enter primary school and to increase their educational opportunities for their further educational and professional life, irrespective of their socio-economic and cultural background. 
  • General educational counselling and career guidance at school: There are various offers for educational counselling and career guidance so that pupils can find out the information they need. For pupils in the seventh and eighth grades, there are also career guidance classes. In addition, support possibilities are available for various areas such as health, conflict resolution and social issues. The most important partner for this is the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research. 
  • General educational counselling and career guidance outside school: Outside the school sector, various interest groups/institutions offer educational counselling and career guidance, such as the social partners, Public Employment Service Austria (AMS) and many others.
  • Special support measures are available, above all for pupils with learning difficulties, pupils who are at risk of dropping out from school or training and pupils with a migration background. These measures are mainly provided by the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research.
  • Universities, universities of applied sciences and university colleges of teacher education as well as non-university institutions provide help for disabled and chronically ill students, students with care obligations, employed students and students in second-chance education, students in financial distress and students with refugee status.
  • Extensive measures are also available for learners in adult education and training. The comprise low qualified people and early school leavers, people with special needs and adults with a migration background. These measures are mostly based on national strategies of the Austrian Federal Government. There are also offers of AMS Austria and the social partners.