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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Political, social and economic background and trends


1.Political, social and economic background and trends

Last update: 27 November 2023

The Republic of Serbia is located partly in the Central (Pannonian Plain) and partly in Southeastern Europe (central Balkans). Total population of the country is 7,186,862, with Serbs as the largest ethnic group (83.3%). In Serbia, the official language is Serbian, while national minorities have the right to use their own language on national, provincial and municipality level. 

Education in Serbia is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development. Elementary education consists of eight grades and is compulsory. After elementary education students attend general schools (four years) or vocational schools (2-4 years).