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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Political, social and economic background and trends

Czech Republic

1.Political, social and economic background and trends

Last update: 7 February 2023
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Czechia is a small, advanced country (population 10.6 million) located in the heart of Europe with a long industrial tradition and a relatively decentralized administration including 14 regions and over 6 000 municipalities. The population is linguistically homogenous; the official language is Czech. National minorities are not numerous. Religious faith is traditionally low, only some 20 % of the population is religious. Unemployment is among the lowest in Europe in recent years (in the third quarter of 2021 the unemployment rate was 2.7 %).

The country has an exceptionally long tradition of having high educational status in the broadest strata of the population; more than 94 % of adults aged 25–64 years have at least upper secondary education (2020). Total fertility rate has been around 1.7 in recent years. Education system is characterised by a relative high autonomy of schools at all educational levels. The total public expenditure on education as a share of GDP is currently 4.6 % (2020).


Sources: Eurostat Database Websites, Projection of total public expenditure on education, Websites of the Czech Statistical Office, Yearbook of Trends. Education in Czechia