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EACEA National Policies Platform:Eurydice
Political and economic situation


1.Political, social and economic background and trends

1.4Political and economic situation

Last update: 26 March 2024

Gross national revenue in Germany reached Euro 4.027.6 billion in 2022. Per capita this was Euro 48.063. Gross domestic product totalled Euro 3.876.8 billion and Euro 46.264 per capita.

In 2022, based on the yearly average according to the microcensus, the number of people in employment in Germany was just less than 44 million or 59.8 per cent of the population 15 years of age and over, including more than 19.9 million women, i.e. 54,9 per cent of the female population 15 years of age and over.

In 2022, the average number of unemployed was just less than 2.4 million people, just less than 1.85 million in the Länder in western Germany and just less than 0.6 million unemployed in the Länder in eastern Germany. In the Länder in western Germany, the unemployment rate was 5.4 per cent, in the Länder in eastern Germany 7.4 per cent. This amounts to an unemployment rate for Germany of 5.8 per cent. 

Education spending as a proportion of gross domestic product

2010 2020 2022 
4.1 4.8 4.6

Source: Statistisches Bundesamt, Bildungsfinanzbericht 2023

Educational attainment of the 25-64-year-old population in per cent

  2005 2010 2022
Below upper secondary 17 14 16.5
Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 59 59 51
Tertiary education 25 27 32.5

Source: Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder: Internationale Bildungsindikatoren im Ländervergleich. Ausgabe 2023 - Tabellenband